از خودبیگانگی در شرکت های دولتی و خصوصی در روسیه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35110||2003||صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Scandinavian Journal of Management, Volume 19, Issue 3, September 2003, Pages 359–383
This study explores the level of alienation among Russian employees in state-owned and private business organizations over a period of 2 years. Based on the employment situation in Russia, employees in private companies were expected to be more alienated from their work than employees in state-owned companies. Survey data have been collected from 725 employees in five state-owned and three private Russian companies in 1994 and 1995. The results indicate that employees in private companies are more alienated than their counterparts in state-owned companies. Moreover, while the level of personal alienation has not changed over the 2-year period, social alienation has become more prevalent. It is concluded that as opposed to social alienation, which tends to change with a transition in the political and economic systems, Western style personal alienation is a steady measure of individual's attitude towards life that hardly changes in reaction to environmental changes. Logistic Regression analysis revealed Self-Estrangement to be more prevalent among employees in private companies than among employees in state-owned companies. Implications for research and practitioners are discussed.
This study aims at the examination of the relationships between employees’ alienation at the working place and changes in ownership structure as a result of the transition in Russian economic and political system. As alienation can have negative impact on organizational performance, we might gain valuable knowledge through the examination of such relations, particularly, on the dimensions of and reasons for alienation and how it is affected by changes in the environment. The main proposition, based on Western perception and theory of alienation, is that as the Russian market is moving from a planned economy controlled by the state to a free market system, workers become more alienated. The Russian economic and political transformation is described, followed by a description and analysis of the concept of alienation, and an empirical investigation testing a set of hypotheses. Finally, the results are discussed in light of the transformation and some conclusions are drawn for the sake of practitioners.