شخصیت، مقابله، و نتایج هدف: برونگرایی، روان رنجوری، سبکهای مقابله با استرس و عملکرد تحصیلی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35123||2015||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5494 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 21, Issue 3, September 1996, Pages 421–429
The framework for the present research is that the relationship between coping and objective outcomes can be understood through a consideration of the coping patterns of different personalities. It is thought that personality gives rise to particular types of coping. It should also be possible to observe departures from the general personality-coping-outcome trend in that some people with potentially distracting (personality-based) coping tendencies can modify these tendencies in order to perform well. Undergraduate subjects reported their coping strategies, with respect to academic Stressors. They filled out the Eysenck Personality Inventory, to assess their levels of Extraversion and Neuroticism. Ss' exam scores in Introductory Psychology were used as the performance criterion. Analyses suggest that Introverts cope in ways that are amenable to better academic performance. In contrast to predictions, better performing Extraverts' coping did not appear to be similar to Introverts' coping. Discussion centers around the ideas that (1) objective coping outcomes can be understood by including personality in the relationship; and (2) it may be important to think of coping in terms of personality, rather than in terms of the Stressor.