روان رنجوری، حمایت اجتماعی، و زمانبندی داشتن فرزند اول: یک مطالعه آینده نگر
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35357||2011||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4817 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 50, Issue 3, February 2011, Pages 381–386
High neuroticism is known to delay the timing of parenthood, but little is known about mechanisms linking neuroticism to this transition. The model tested in this paper assumes social support from various domains and marital status mediating between early neuroticism and the timing of parenthood. Hypotheses were tested with time-to-event data from the Rostock Longitudinal Study (N = 244). Discrete-time survival models include prospective data covering a time-span between age 14, when neuroticism was measured, and age 38. Social support was measured at age 20 and marital status was measured at age 25. As hypothesized, male gender and early neuroticism delayed the timing of the first child. Social support from family and workmates did not predict parenthood, but social support from friends and marital status did. Neuroticism was in part linked to parenthood via a developmental sequence containing support from friends at the beginning of adulthood and marital status during emerging adulthood. Results elaborate on earlier findings connecting personality traits to the timing of having children.
The timing of the transition to parenthood and its demographic and psychological conditions have received some general, but hardly any systematic attention in psychology (Jokela et al., 2009 and Miller and Pasta, 1995). Some demographic determinants such as education, ethnicity, gender, or marital status (Jokela et al., 2009) were shown to be associated with the timing of the first child. Time-to-event studies including psychological constructs such as personality or social support, are even harder to find. This lack of evidence is surprising since factors such as marital status and education are known to be related to personality or social support. In the following, findings demonstrating the linkage between psychological and demographic factors in conditioning the timing of parenthood will be introduced.