صفات شخصیتی به عنوان عوامل آسیب پذیری در اختلال بدریخت انگاری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35595||2013||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4800 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Psychiatry Research, Volume 210, Issue 1, 30 November 2013, Pages 242–246
Cognitive behavioural models consider certain personality traits to be risk factors for the development of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). Research on personality traits in BDD is scarce, therefore this study examined perfectionism, aesthetic sensitivity and the behavioural inhibition system (BIS) in BDD. Furthermore, the association between these personality traits and the extent of dysmorphic concerns was investigated. Individuals with BDD (n=58) and a population based control sample (n=2071), selected from a representative German population survey, completed self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-5 criteria of BDD, dysmorphic concerns, perfectionism, aesthetic sensitivity and BIS-reactivity. Individuals with BDD reported significantly higher degrees of perfectionism as well as of BIS-reactivity compared to the population based control sample, whereas the groups did not differ significantly regarding aesthetic sensitivity. However, for the total sample, each of the personality traits was related dimensionally to dysmorphic concerns. Current BDD models consider perfectionism and aesthetic sensitivity to be vulnerability factors. In addition to these concepts, the present study suggests that BIS-reactivity is related to BDD. Self-reported aesthetic sensitivity was not found to be specifically pronounced in BDD, but along with perfectionism and BIS-reactivity aesthetic sensitivity was generally associated with dysmorphic concerns.
Individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) suffer from a preoccupation with defects or flaws in their physical appearance for which there is often no objective support. If a slight flaw does exist, then preoccupation with the defect is extremely exaggerated. The main focus of the appearance concerns are the nose, hair, or skin, but it is also possible for more than one body part to be included (Phillips et al., 2005). Individuals with BDD often perform repetitive and long lasting behaviour patterns, such as trying to camouflage their imagined defect using clothes or make up and frequently checking their appearance in mirrors and reflecting surfaces (Phillips et al., 2005). BDD is therefore a distressing condition that can lead to severe impairment in social and/or occupational functioning (APA, 2000).