اختلالات شبه جسمی: همبودی با دیگر تشخیص های روان پزشکی DSM-III-R در یونان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35669||1999||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5592 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Comprehensive Psychiatry, Volume 40, Issue 4, July–August 1999, Pages 299–307
From a total sample of 1,448 psychiatric outpatients, 175 (12.1%) received a diagnosis of a somatoform disorder according to DSM-III-R criteria. One hundred twenty-two (70%) of these patients had another current axis I diagnosis, and this rate increased to 79% (139 of 175) when lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were recorded. The most frequent comorbid diagnoses were depressive disorders, i.e., dysthymia and major depression, and then anxiety disorders, mainly panic disorder. One hundred ten (63%) of the somatoform patients met the criteria for a personality disorder, significantly higher than the rate (52%) for the rest of the total sample (n = 1,273), who were used as a control group. The most frequent comorbid personality disorders were histrionic, dependent, and personalities of cluster B in general. Hypochondriasis was the only somatoform disorder that was additionally significantly related to obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Somatoform patients with a concomitant personality disorder manifested more severe overall psychopathology as measured by the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and a worse level of functioning than those without. The results of the present study show that (1) patients with somatoform disorders have a high rate of comorbidity with other clinical syndromes and personality disorders, and (2) the presence of a personality disorder is related to more severe overall psychopathology and a worse level of functioning. All of the above indicate that special attention must be paid to the interaction between somatoform disorders, other clinical syndromes, and personality structure at the level of both clinical and research practice.