تمرینات انرژی حیات در درمان بستری مهاجران ترکیه با اختلالات شبه جسمی مزمن: یک مطالعه تصادفی تحت کنترل
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35703||2006||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3877 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 61, Issue 4, October 2006, Pages 507–513
The aim of this study was to examine whether bioenergetic exercises (BE) significantly influence the inpatient psychotherapeutic treatment results for Turkish immigrants with chronic somatoform disorders.
Several studies indicate that the incidence of psychological distress and mental disorders in diverse ethnic immigrant groups has increased all over the world, not only in comparison with follow countrymen remaining in their homeland, but also with the indigenous population in the country to which they immigrated  and . Interest in the cultural characteristics of mental illnesses has been stimulated by ever increasing awareness of cultural diversity in Western society . Turkish immigrants constitute about 30% and, hence, the largest group, of all immigrants in central Europe . According to Schmeling-Kludas et al. , most of the illnesses diagnosed in this population are some type of somatoform disorder (over 60%). Cross-cultural stress contributes to emotional suppression. Indeed, among Turkish immigrants, expressions of distress range from open use of culturally traditional expressions to complete avoidance . Both suppression and expression of anger might contribute to somatoform disorders  and . Somatoform disorders can be viewed as a process through which somatic symptoms are presented in order to eclipse emotional distress and social problems  and . This particular population, however, rarely views psychiatric treatment as an acceptable or valuable tool for recovery or as helpful in linking bodily symptoms to emotional distress . Cultural styles of attribution might contribute to both the high rate of somatization in the Turkish immigrant population, as well as its rejection of, and response to, somatic or psychosocial treatment  and . The more traditional the culture, the less differentiation appears to exist between psychological disturbance and bodily symptoms . For instance, although the separation between physical and emotional experience occurs most precisely in Western European languages, emotional perceptions are figuratively expressed through allegories of body sensations in the Turkish language  and . Body language is thus an important facet of Turkish communication  and, thus, becomes an essential aid for such patients. It functions to express subject matters that the patients can verbalize only with difficulty, or perhaps even not at all, such as childhood memories, sexuality, or aggression . For Turkish patients, somatization not only occurs as an alternative to expressions of psychological distress but also as an accompaniment  and becomes, to a large extent, the focus . Somatic symptoms show culturally mediated styles of communication, and therapists should allow for a sociocultural perspective to use effective therapeutic approaches . Thus, body-oriented approaches in psychotherapy pave a special therapeutic avenue on account of their nonverbal focus ,  and . One such approach, bioenergetic analysis, uses depth psychology-based body psychotherapy, which was further developed by Alexander Lowen, based on approaches from S. Freud and W. Reich. Its effectiveness has been relatively well researched , ,  and . The central components of this method are interventions on the physical level derived from a psychoanalytical approach  and . The goal is to enable the patient to gain access to his or her own self through directed exercises connected with verbal therapy  and . Bioenergetic analysis presupposes that important life experiences are retained not only in the psychic subconscious but also in the body, where they find expression in respiration, posture, and movement, as well as experience and behaviour. The theoretical concept also postulates that mental, emotional, and physical processes are closely integrated. Hence, we hypothesized that this approach might be effective in the treatment of Turkish patients. Randomized, controlled clinical studies on psychotherapeutic treatment of Turkish immigrants are rare, but indispensable, in light of how many Turkish immigrants live in Middle and Western Europe . To the best of our knowledge, there are no studies that examine the effects of body-related psychotherapy in this patient group. The goal of this study was to examine whether bioenergetic exercises (BE) significantly influence the treatment results in inpatient psychotherapy for Turkish immigrants with chronic somatoform disorders.