ویژگی های ارائه علائم الیگو در مقابل علائم چندگانه اختلالات شبه جسمی در بیماران با آلرژی مشکوک
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35788||2015||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4845 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 69, Issue 3, September 2010, Pages 259–266
Objective Psychobehavioral characteristics of patients with somatoform disorders (SFDs), are increasingly discussed as possible positive criteria for this diagnostic group. However, little is known about psychobehavioral differences, or similarities, between the different SFD presentations, i.e., polysymptomatic [multisomatoform/somatization disorders (MSD)] versus mono- or oligosymptomatic courses [pain disorder (PD), undifferentiated somatoform disorder (USD)]. Methods This is a cross-sectional study including 268 consecutive allergology inpatients. After an Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, patients completed several self-rating questionnaires. Results were compared within the different SFD presentations as well as between patients with versus without SFDs. Results We identified 72 patients with an SFD. There were fewer and smaller psychobehavioral differences within patients with the different SFD presentations (MSD, USDs, PDs) than between patients with undifferentiated versus no SFD. Patients with one of the three different SFD subdiagnoses scored similarly on many measures referring to psychosocial distress (e.g., psychological distress, mental health-related quality of life, dissatisfaction with care). The number of reported symptoms, somatic symptom severity, a self-concept of bodily weakness, the degree of disease conviction, and physical health-related quality of life discriminated the different SFD presentations not only from patients without SFDs but also from each other. Conclusions Patients diagnosed with one of the different SFD subtypes share many psychobehavioral characteristics, mostly regarding the reporting of psychosocial distress. Perceived somatic symptom severity and physical impairment as indicators of bodily distress could either further define categorical subdivisions of SFD or dimensionally graduate one general SFD category defined by bothering bodily symptoms and disproportionate psychosocial distress.
The current debate about the classification of somatoform disorders (SFD) in DSM-V and ICD-11 is at a point at which it has become obvious that this disease category has to be fundamentally changed. General agreement has already become apparent about several important issues: - SFD have an exceptional position as interface disorders between somatic and mental illness  and . - The present classifications are insufficient with respect to criterion and predictive validity . - A more inclusive definition of somatization disorder as the main category of SFD—for example, as “multisomatoform disorder”  and —to unburden the category “undifferentiated somatoform disorder” (USD) is required. - Instead of focusing on the very questionable core criterion of lacking organic symptom explicability, positive criteria for SFD are needed , ,  and . - Bodily and psychosocial distress play a central role in SFD, suggesting a name change towards “bodily distress disorder” or “complex somatic symptom disorder”  and . - Thus, an SFD could be likewise present in “organically explained” as well as “functional” conditions that are complicated by a disproportional degree of psychosocial affliction  and . Experts disagree, however, on how to deal with the different SFD presentations in the upcoming classifications. Among SFD in a narrower sense (that are—in contrast to hypochondriasis and body dysmorphic disorder—dominated by physical symptoms), it has been suggested to uncouple “pain disorder” (PD) from the SFD category , to delete “USD” , or, instead, to integrate somatization disorder (or rather its more inclusive re-definition, multisomatoform disorder), USD, and PD in one general somatoform category, and only additionally code severity and mono- versus polysymptomatic courses . In accordance with the current approaches of DSM-IV and ICD-10, new classifications will most likely (and rightfully) maintain a phenomenological approach to diagnoses, and still be based on (physical and psychobehavioral) symptoms rather than etiology or treatment response. Therefore, evidence is needed about phenomenological similarities, or differences, between multisomatoform/somatization disorder (MSD), USD, and PD. In a previous paper we found evidence that there are various psychobehavioral characteristics differentiating allergy workup patients with SFD from allergy workup patients without SFD . This former analysis searched for general SFD predictors among workup patients only and did not distinguish between the complex polysymptomatic and the less complex mono- or oligosymptomatic presentations of SFD . Therefore, from that analysis, no conclusions about general versus possible specific psychobehavioral features of different SFD presentations could be drawn. Here, we present a descriptive analysis of patient-reported data on psychobehavioral characteristics of the currently defined SFD subcatgories (i.e., MSD, PD and USD) from an unselected cohort of allergology inpatients in order to test which characteristics can differentiate between “polysymptomatic” and “mono- or oligosymptomatic” presentations of somatoform disorders.