آیا آلکسی تایمیا با رضایت زناشویی و یا دلبستگی به شریک مرتبط است؟ یک مطالعه در گروهی از پدران و مادران که قرار است فرزنددار شوند
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35817||2014||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4450 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Comprehensive Psychiatry, Volume 55, Issue 5, July 2014, Pages 1252–1257
Objective To investigate possible associations of alexithymia with marital satisfaction and mutual attachment between the partners in a group of parents-to-be during pregnancy. Methods The present study was conducted in a pregnancy cohort. Cross-sectional data were available for 151 mothers and 106 fathers, and altogether 102 couples. The 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used to assess alexithymia, the Index of Marital Satisfaction (IMS) to assess romantic relationship satisfaction and the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR) to evaluate attachment-related anxiety and avoidance. Kruskal–Wallis test was used for categorized variable comparisons. For continuous variables, Spearman correlation analyses and linear regression analyses were conducted. Results The TAS-20 total score, as well as, two of its dimensions, difficulties in identifying and describing feelings, were significantly correlated (p < 0.01) with both the IMS scores and the ECR anxiety and avoidance scores. In the regression analyses, the most significant predictive factor for the subjects' IMS scores was their partners' corresponding scores, although among fathers the IMS scores were partly explained by their own TAS-20 factor 1 scores (p = 0.004). The subjects' own TAS-20 scores explained the ECR anxiety and avoidance scores to a significant extent, but the fathers' TAS-20 factor 3 scores were also associated with the mothers' avoidance scores (p = 0.037).
Alexithymia signifies a personality construct that is typically represented by reduced ability to identify and verbalize feelings, a less vivid imagination, and an externally oriented, concrete way of thinking. The concept was introduced in the early 1970s on the basis of observations made in psychosomatic patients . Since then, a notable amount of research has shown that alexithymia is associated with several somatic diseases and mental disturbances, such as depression , eating disorders , alcohol dependence , and essential hypertension . However, alexithymia is not an exclusive feature of different patient groups, but is present in general population as well. In adults, the estimated prevalence of alexithymia is approximately 10% and it appears to be, to some extent, more common in males  and . Genetic factors seem to have an impact on alexithymic features  and . In several studies, individuals with alexithymia have rated their overall health as being poor significantly more commonly than non-alexithymic individuals  and . Moreover, alexithymia has been shown to be associated with health-related quality of life  and , with alexithymic individuals being clearly worse off. Alexithymia relates to a variety of difficulties in various social contexts. For example, Fukunishi et al.  and Karukivi et al.  have shown that alexithymia is associated with low experienced social support. Alexithymic individuals may lack the ability to benefit from social support adequately because they neither recognize other people's emotions nor respond to them appropriately . Due to their poor communication and regulation skills on an emotional level, it can be difficult for individuals with abundant alexithymic features to bond and establish deep and gratifying relationships with others. This may be related to the findings suggesting that individuals with or without alexithymia process emotional facial expressions differently ,  and . Although there is no clear evidence that the perceptual deficits correlate with specific emotions, recent studies indicate that alexithymia may be associated with deficient processing already at the perceptual level . Keeping the range of difficulties associated with alexithymia in mind, the research on the significance of alexithymic features in regard to attachment and satisfaction in romantic relationships is surprisingly scarce. Overall, in the studies conducted in general population, alexithymia has been associated with being single or otherwise living alone  and . Humphreys et al.  have suggested alexithymia to be negatively associated with satisfaction in intimate relationships. In a sample of patients with traumatic brain injury, the patients' alexithymic features had a clear deteriorating effect on the relationship satisfaction among their non-injured partners . It has also been suggested that alexithymia is associated with adult attachment style , particularly insecure attachment, and may predispose to or mediate attachment-related anxiety  and . It can be further hypothesized that this could have an effect on the quality of the relationship as experienced by alexithymic individuals or their partners, or both. In the present study, we hypothesized that alexithymia would have a significant association with attachment-related avoidance and anxiety in a sample of parents-to-be during pregnancy. As to the differences between the various dimensions of alexithymia reported in previous research, we predicted that the association was related to difficulties in identifying and describing feelings. Relationship satisfaction was assumed to be associated with attachment-related problems and the same alexithymia dimensions. We further hypothesized that the subjects' own alexithymic features would mainly explain these associations, although we expected their partners' features to be of some importance as well.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Alexithymia was not directly related to marital satisfaction. However, alexithymia appears to have a significant effect on relationship-related anxiety and avoidance. This association should be further studied in parents and their offspring in a longitudinal setting.