دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 35843
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تهویه و رفتار جنسی: نقد و بررسی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
35843 2001 31 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Conditioning and Sexual Behavior: A Review
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Hormones and Behavior, Volume 40, Issue 2, September 2001, Pages 291–321

کلمات کلیدی
- یادگیری - انگیزه - پاولوفی - کار کننده - میل جنسی - تحریک جنسی - جماع
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تهویه و رفتار جنسی: نقد و بررسی

چکیده انگلیسی

Sexual behavior is directed by a sophisticated interplay between steroid hormone actions in the brain that give rise to sexual arousability and experience with sexual reward that gives rise to expectations of competent sexual activity, sexual desire, arousal, and performance. Sexual experience allows animals to form instrumental associations between internal or external stimuli and behaviors that lead to different sexual rewards. Furthermore, Pavlovian associations between internal and external stimuli allow animals to predict sexual outcomes. These two types of learning build upon instinctual mechanisms to create distinctive, and seemingly “automated,” patterns of sexual response. This article reviews the literature on conditioning and sexual behavior with a particular emphasis on incentive sequences of sexual behavior that move animals from distal to proximal with regard to sexual stimuli during appetitive phases of behavior and ultimately result in copulatory interaction and mating during consummatory phases of behavior. Accordingly, the role of learning in sexual excitement, in behaviors that bring about the opportunity to mate, in courtship and solicitation displays, in sexual arousal and copulatory behaviors, in sexual partner preferences, and the short- and long-term influence of copulatory experience on sexual and reproductive function is examined. Although hormone actions set the stage for sexual activity by generating the ability of animals to become sexually excited and aroused, it is each animal's unique experience with sexual behavior and sexual reward that molds the strength of responses made toward sexual incentives.

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