پیشگامان و دول عقب مانده: آیا اثر برابری جنسیتی بر سلامتی وابسته به زمینه است؟
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35872||2009||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7271 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 68, Issue 8, April 2009, Pages 1388–1395
This study combines data at individual and area level to examine interactions between equality within couples and gender equality in the municipality in which individuals live. The research question is whether the context impacts on the association between gender equality and health. The material consists of data on 37,423 men and 37,616 women in 279 Swedish municipalities, who had their first child in 1978. The couples were classified according to indicators of their level of gender equality in 1980 in the public sphere (occupation and income) and private sphere (child care leave and parental leave) compared to that of their municipality. The health outcome is compensated days from sickness insurance during 1986–1999 with a cut-off at the 85% percentile. Data were analysed using logistic regression with the overall odds as reference. The results concerning gender equality in the private sphere show that among fathers, those who are equal in an equal municipality have lower levels of sick leave than the average while laggards (less equal than their municipality) and modest laggards have higher levels. In the public sphere, pioneers (more equal t han their municipality) fare better than the average while laggards fare worse. For mothers, those who are traditional in their roles in the public sphere are protected from high levels of sick leave, while the reverse is true for those who are equal. Traditional mothers in a traditional municipality have the lowest level of sick leave and pioneers the highest. These results show that there are distinct benefits as well as disadvantages to being a gender pioneer and/or a laggard in comparison to your municipality. The associations are markedly different for men and women.
It is the starting-point of this study that there exists a gender system which permeates every aspect of human existence (Moller Okin, 1989). The gender system can be seen as a structural property, reflected in the division of labour and with direct consequences for the lives of women and men, as well as a symbolic construct which assigns gender to various perceived dichotomies (typified by yin/yang, nature/culture etc.). It is also a deeply rooted part of our self-identity, affecting our perceptions of ourselves and others, and of immediate impact on how we chose to live our lives and how we evaluate those choices (Harding, 1986).