آسیب شناسی روانی نوجوانان بازداشت شده در مقابل زنان بیمار بستری شده روانپزشکی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36026||2012||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5135 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Psychiatry Research, Volume 195, Issue 3, 28 February 2012, Pages 129–133
Several studies have shown high rates of psychopathology among female adolescents in detention. Although rates of mental health problems have been called alarming, it is unknown whether mental health needs in females in juvenile justice differ substantially from those of females in mental health care. Therefore, this study compared adolescent females in detention with inpatient adolescent females. For this purpose, a sample of 256 detained females (mean age 15.4 ± 1.3) was compared to 45 psychiatric inpatient females (mean age 15.8 ± 1.4). Socio-demographic characteristics, mental health history and psychiatric problems were investigated using file-information and self-report questionnaires. Compared to detained females, inpatients more often showed internalizing problems and dissociation, whereas externalizing problems prevailed in girls in detention centers. Females in detention more often came from an ethnic minority group, while females in mental healthcare more often received mental healthcare previously and had parents with higher employment. This study confirms that mental health needs of girls in mental healthcare and in detention are high. However, non-mental health related factors were different as well – i.e. socio-economic factors – and are likely to influence the involvement with either service sector.
Over the past years, several studies have shown high rates of psychopathology among adolescents in detention. Even when excluding a diagnosis of conduct disorder (CD) – which includes criteria related to offending behavior – more than half of detained adolescents are diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder (Teplin et al., 2002, Vermeiren et al., 2006 and Fazel et al., 2008). Particularly in detained girls, specific types of psychopathology – i.e. internalizing disorders – were shown to reach high levels (Fazel et al., 2008 and Sevecke et al., 2009). In addition, Hamerlynck et al. (2009) found this to be equally true for Dutch adolescent girls with a civil judicial measure, those detained for status offences, and girls detained under penal law. As detention centers are not equipped to meet psychiatric needs, it is clinically relevant to investigate how mental health problems of detained girls differ from those of girls in psychiatric departments. Therefore, this study aimed at comparing adolescent females in detention with females in closed mental health departments.