رابطه خشونت و مصرف مواد در زنان مراجعه کننده به دادگاه برنامه های مداخله خشونت خانگی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36128||2003||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3136 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Addictive Behaviors, Volume 28, Issue 9, December 2003, Pages 1603–1610
Although there is extensive theoretical and empirical evidence linking men's alcohol abuse and marital violence, no previous studies have assessed the substance use characteristics of women arrested for domestic violence. We recruited 35 women who were arrested for domestic violence and court-referred to batterer intervention programs. We administered multiple measures of substance use and abuse and assessed the women's marital aggression, marital satisfaction, depressive symptomatology, use of general violence, and their relationship partners' substance use. We also divided the sample into groups of hazardous drinkers (HD) and nonhazardous drinkers (NHD). Across the entire sample, almost half of the women were classified as HD. Over one-quarter of the women reported symptoms consistent with an alcohol abuse or dependence diagnosis, and approximately one-quarter of the sample reported symptoms consistent with a drug-related diagnosis. Over one-half of the total sample reported that their relationship partners were HD. Relative to the NHD group, the HD group scored higher on measures of drug problems, relationship aggression, general violence, and marital dissatisfaction. The results of the study suggest that substance use and abuse should routinely be assessed as part of batterer interventions and that batterer programs would be improved by offering adjunct or integrated alcohol treatment.
Marital violence is an enormous problem in the United States. There is an extensive body of theoretical and empirical evidence linking alcohol use and abuse to marital violence, particularly among men (e.g., Leonard, 2001). Among women, the data are more limited, but they suggest that alcohol use and abuse are related to both perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence (e.g., Kaufman Kantor & Asdigian, 1997). There is a paucity of empirical data available regarding the characteristics of women who are arrested for domestic violence and court-referred to batterer intervention programs. The overall aims of the present study are to document the prevalence of alcohol abuse in a sample of women arrested for domestic violence and to examine potential differences between those women who drink hazardously and those who do not. Women arrested and court-referred to violence intervention were recruited and completed multiple measures of substance use and abuse. We also assessed the women's relationship satisfaction, depressive symptomatology, use of general violence (i.e., extramarital violence), and their relationship partners' substance use. As described subsequently, we divided the women into groups of hazardous drinkers (HD) and nonhazardous drinkers (NHD). We hypothesized that HD would differ from NHD on all substance use and abuse variables. Given the theoretical and empirical evidence linking alcohol and violence, we also predicted that HD would evidence greater levels of marital violence perpetration, marital violence victimization, and general violence perpetration than NHD. We further postulated that relationship partners of HD would evidence greater substance use and abuse than the relationship partners of NHD, as research has shown a strong relationship between male and female partners' drinking patterns (Leonard & Eiden, 1999).