خشونت خانگی شدید و بدرفتاری با کودک:توجه به سوء استفاده فیزیکی، غفلت و ناکامی حفاظت از کودک
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36130||2004||20 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9276 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Children and Youth Services Review, Volume 26, Issue 4, April 2004, Pages 373–392
This study examined differences between families in which less or more severe domestic violence and child maltreatment were present compared to families in which only child maltreatment was known to be present. Both child physical abuse and neglect were examined using a child maltreatment reports involving parental perpetrators. The study found a higher percentage of neglect, specifically lack of supervision, and less child physical abuse in the more severe domestic violence compared to the child maltreatment only and less severe domestic violence groups. More mothers were found responsible for lack of supervision and fewer fathers were responsible for child physical abuse in the severe domestic violence group. Child protection workers also reported a higher level of concern for cases involving domestic violence. However, a closer examination of the qualitative characteristics of the domestic violence cases revealed that quantitative findings do not accurately present the whole story. Both mothers and fathers engaged in serious acts of physical abuse against their children. In addition, many mother were held responsible to ‘failure to protect’ their children from the father's domestic violence. Implications for child welfare practice and policy and future research directions are addressed.
Research on the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment wades in to some difficult areas. Clearly, a relationship exists between adult intimate partner abuse and child maltreatment. Recent reviews of co-occurrence studies found rates between 30 and 60% (Appel & Holden, 1998 and Edleson, 1999). Given these high rates, it is crucial for child protection workers to understand how child maltreatment and domestic violence interrelate (Mills et al., 2000). However, there are risks to how increased knowledge about this relationship might affect child protection worker's interactions with battered women and their children. As Mills (2000) points out, child welfare workers hold strong views about battered women's responsibilities; they view the mother as the primary caretaker and often hold her to a higher level of responsibility than her husband or partner to protect her children. This higher standard finds more battered women being held responsible for a ‘failure to protect’ their children from exposure to domestic violence or from the risk of direct physical abuse by the batterer (Davidson, 1995, Davis, 1995 and Magen, 1999).