درک نوجوانان از دلبستگی به مادران و پدران در خانواده با سابقه خشونت خانگی: دیدگاه طولی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36134||2005||17 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8778 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Child Abuse & Neglect, Volume 29, Issue 8, August 2005, Pages 853–869
Objective: The effects of both childhood and teenage experiences of domestic violence on adolescent-parent attachments were examined. Method: Israeli adolescents (M = 15.9 years) who were either victims of physical abuse, witnesses of physical spouse abuse, victims and witnesses of abuse, or neither victims nor witnesses of abuse were questioned about attachments to their parents using the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment [IPPA; Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427–454]. Findings: Abuse status 5 years earlier was unrelated to the adolescents’ current perceptions of their attachments whereas current abuse status predicted the adolescents’ perceptions of attachment to their mothers. Adolescents who were victims of physical abuse reported weaker attachments to their parents than adolescents who were not abused or who had solely witnessed interparental physical abuse. Attachments to mothers were weaker whether or not mothers were the perpetrators of abuse. Conclusions: These findings suggest that victimization adversely affects children's perceptions of relationships with their parents, but that changes in the exposure to family violence are associated with changes in relationships with parents. These findings suggest that intervention can have positive effects on parent-child relationships despite violent histories.
Attachment theorists have argued that the quality of child-parent attachment relationships powerfully affects social and emotional development (Bowlby, 1973 and Cassidy, 1994; Sroufe, Carlson, Levy, & Egeland, 1999). According to Bowlby (1969), positive relationships with sensitively responsive caregivers play a crucial role in healthy adjustment and many researchers have reported evidence consistent with this hypothesis (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987; Engels, Finkenauer, Meeus, & Dekovic, 2001; Lapsley, Rice, & FitzGerald, 1990; Meeus, Oosterwegel, & Vollebergh, 2002; Noom, Dekovic, & Meeus, 1999; Paterson, Pryor, & Field, 1995). The goal of the present study was to assess the effects of family violence on the quality of relationships between adolescents and their parents. By conducting our study in Israel, where domestic violence is not as closely associated with single parenthood as it is in the United States, we were able to recruit a sample of two-parent families of comparable socioeconomic status in which either spousal or child abuse had either occurred or not occurred. We were thus able to explore adolescents’ attachments to both abusive and nonabusive parents and to determine whether the adolescents’ perceptions varied depending on whether or not the specific parent had been violent. Furthermore, because we could specify the types of abuse experienced, we were able to investigate the separate and combined effects of child and spouse abuse on the adolescents’ attachments to both of their parents. Finally, because the participants in this study were first interviewed when they averaged 10.6 years of age and were then recontacted nearly 5 years later, it was possible to assess and compare the effects of earlier as opposed to later experiences of violence on the adolescents’ attachments.