پاسخ سیستم کانادایی رفاه کودکان به مواجهه با تحقیقات خشونت خانگی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36151||2008||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Child Abuse & Neglect, Volume 32, Issue 3, March 2008, Pages 393–404
Objective While child welfare policy and legislation reflects that children who are exposed to domestic violence are in need of protection because they are at risk of emotional and physical harm, little is known about the profile of families and children identified to the child welfare system and the system's response. The objective of this study was to examine the child welfare system's response to child maltreatment investigations substantiated for exposure to domestic violence (EDV). Methods This study is based on a secondary analysis of data collected in the 2003 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2003). Bivariate analyses were conducted on substantiated investigations. A binary logistic regression was also conducted to attempt to predict child welfare placements for investigations involving EDV. Results What emerges from this study is that the child welfare system's response to EDV largely depends on whether it occurs in isolation or with another substantiated form of child maltreatment. For example, children involved in substantiated investigations that involve EDV with another form of substantiated maltreatment are almost four times more likely than investigations involving only EDV to be placed in a child welfare setting (Adjusted Odds Ratio = 3.87, p < .001). Conclusions These findings suggest that the involvement of child welfare has not resulted in the widespread placement of children exposed to domestic violence. The Canadian child welfare system is substantiating EDV at a high rate but is concluding that these families do not require child protection services. Practice implications There is debate in the literature about how the child welfare sector should respond to cases involving exposure to domestic violence. Contrary to conventional wisdom, this study finds that children who are the subject of investigations involving substantiated exposure to domestic violence are less likely to be removed from their home than children experiencing other forms of maltreatment. Strategies need to be developed to counter misperceptions about the intrusiveness of child welfare, and discussions need to take place about when it is appropriate for child welfare to become involved when children are exposed to domestic violence.
The response of the service sector to women and children living in domestic violence situations has been the subject of debate since the issue was identified as a social problem in the early 1960s. It is estimated that 7% of Canadian women in a current, previous, or common–law relationship have experienced spousal violence in the past 5 years (Statistics Canada, 2005). In the United States, a national study found that 29% of women had experienced physical, sexual, or psychological intimate partner violence during their lifetime (Coker et al., 2002). Developing effective responses to domestic violence raises complex issues that go to the heart of gender and family relations (Jaffe, Crooks, & Wolfe, 2003). The question of the protection of children who are exposed to domestic violence has added another layer of challenges. The child welfare system has come under increasing pressure to intervene in situations of domestic violence. Child welfare policy and legislation has begun to reflect that children who are exposed to domestic violence are at risk of emotional and physical harm, and are in need of protection. While there is ample evidence that exposure to domestic violence affects children in many negative ways, little is known about the profile of families and children identified to the child welfare system, and the system's response.