ترجیحات مشروط همسر: عوامل موثر بر ترجیحات برای قد
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36194||2008||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5080 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 44, Issue 1, January 2008, Pages 203–215
Physical stature plays an important role in human mate choice because it may signal dominance, high status, access to resources, and underlying heritable qualities. Although past research has examined overall preferences for height, we propose these preferences are modified by evolved mechanisms that consider one’s own height and prevailing social norms. We examined this proposal using samples of 2000 personal ads and 382 undergraduates. Both sexes preferred relationships where the woman was shorter when specifying the shortest acceptable, tallest acceptable, and ideal dating partner. In the personal ads sample, this norm was more strongly enforced by women than by men: 23% of men compared to only 4% of women would accept a dating relationship where the woman was taller. Preferences for the male-taller norm were less pronounced in short men and tall women, who shifted towards preferring someone closer to their own height. This limited their potential dating pool but ensured they would select a mate within the typical range of variation for height. Surprisingly, endorsement of traditional gender role norms was only weakly related to height preferences, particularly for women. These findings highlight the utility of examining how evolutionary factors, including endorsement of social norms, may influence mate preferences.
Do all individuals have a different vision of the ideal body, or is there a high degree of systematic variation in what we find attractive? Over the past several decades evolutionary social scientists have examined how individual differences, contextual factors, and socially transmitted information shape what we find desirable in a mate (Gangestad, Haselton, & Buss, 2006). This research has demonstrated that mate preferences are influenced by factors such as exposure to new social norms (Tovee, Swami, Furnham, & Mangalparsad, 2006), the prevalence of pathogens in the environment (Gangestad et al., 2006), whether one is considering a mate as a short-term sexual partner or long-term dating partner (Buss & Schmitt, 1993), and even a woman’s ovulatory phase (Gangestad, Thornhill, & Garver-Apgar, 2005). These findings support the proposal that evolutionary processes have crafted a flexible set of conditional mate preferences rather than a rigid and fixed set of criteria for attractiveness. Considering conditional mate preferences is particularly critical when investigating preferences for height. We propose that although there are general preferences for taller-than-average men, preferences for height are strongly influenced by one’s sex, height, and endorsement of traditional gender role norms. Below we investigate what predictions can be derived from existing theoretical perspectives regarding preferences for absolute and relative height of a dating partner.