ترجیحات همسر محرک انتخاب همسر:پیش بینی اولویت شریک زندگی زنان برای مردسالاری با خود رتبه بندی مردان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36206||2011||صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 51, Issue 8, December 2011, Pages 1023–1027
Women who rate their male partner as more masculine tend to prefer more masculine faces. However, it is unclear whether a preference for masculinity causes women to select masculine partners, or to perceive their current partner as more masculine. By incorporating multiple measures of male masculinity, we establish that women’s preference for facial masculinity in short-term partners is correlated with their rating of their partner’s masculinity and with their partner’s self-rated masculinity, but with neither independent ratings of men’s facial masculinity nor a facialmetric masculinity index. Facial masculinity preference in long-term partners is correlated with women’s rating of partner masculinity, with a similar trend for men’s self-rating. Multiple regression analyses demonstrated that these relationships were independent of age, although only for short-term preference. We conclude that women who prefer masculine men tend to have more masculine partners, and therefore that mate-preferences do drive mate-choice.
Male facial masculinity is a putative indicator of heritable immunocompetence (Moore et al., 2011) and signals dominance and physical formidability (Fink et al., 2007 and Mueller and Mazur, 1996), but the hypothesis that male facial masculinity is attractive (Perrett et al., 1998) has received mixed empirical support. Some studies show that women prefer facially masculine men (DeBruine et al., 2006 and Johnston et al., 2001), while others suggest that femininity is preferable (Perrett et al., 1998, Rhodes et al., 2000 and Welling et al., 2009). This disparity may be explained by methodological differences (but see DeBruine et al., 2010 and DeBruine et al., 2006), or by effects of individual differences and the context in which images are judged. For example, women tend to prefer masculinity if their own market-value is higher (Little et al., 2001 and Vukovic et al., 2010), and during the fertile phase of the ovulatory cycle (Penton-Voak et al., 1999), when attractiveness is greater (Roberts et al., 2004). Although evidence for simple masculinity preferences remains equivocal, masculinity appears to be a valued trait because it is preferred by women who are better placed to compete for attractive mates.