دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 3621
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اثر کیفیت مشارکت، مدیریت استعداد و طرز فکر جهانی بر عملکرد ارائه دهندگان خدمات فناوری دریایی در هند

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
3621 2013 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 9570 کلمه
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Effects of Partnership Quality, Talent Management, and Global Mindset on Performance of Offshore IT Service Providers in India
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of International Management, Available online 12 April 2013

کلمات کلیدی
ارائه دهندگان خدمات دریایی - کیفیت مشارکت - طرز فکر جهانی - مدیریت استعدادهای درخشان - عملکرد - هندوستان -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اثر کیفیت مشارکت، مدیریت استعداد و طرز فکر جهانی بر عملکرد ارائه دهندگان خدمات فناوری دریایی در هند

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper investigates the effects of partnership quality, talent management and global mindset on the performance of offshore service providers (OSPs) in the information technology sector in India. The findings show that partnership quality has partial and strong mediation effects on the impact of talent management and global mindset on performance of OSPs. We also find that talent management strongly mediates the effects of global mindset on partnership quality. Overall, the results confirm that global mindset, by itself, has limited direct influence on the performance of OSPs and that the full benefits of global mindset can only be enjoyed by OSPs which have well developed talent management and high quality partnerships with their clients. The implications and limitations of the study are also discussed.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Offshoring involves organizational re-configuration of activities wherein activities which are previously co-located are relocated to offshore destinations (Contractor et al., 2010 and Manning et al., 2008). Offshoring usually involves two main agents; namely the client on the demand side and the vendors on the supply side. In information technology (IT) sector, the clients are typically large firms from advanced industrialized countries from USA (37%), Western Europe (35%) and Japan (14%) which account for almost 87% of the IT service outsourcing market (EITO, 2006). On the supply side, the vendors or the offshore service providers (OSPs) are increasingly from emerging and developing economies such as India, China, Malaysia, Russia and the Philippines. Among these countries, India accounts for a dominant share of the global IT offshoring market (Peterson and Gott, 2011 and Raman and Chadee, 2011). Most recent research on understanding the performance and behavior of offshoring organizations have so far focused on the client, with increasing, yet still limited attention on OSPs (for literature review see Chadee and Raman, 2009). OSPs are increasingly being recognized as integral strategic partners of their clients because the success or failure of an OSP is intricately linked to the overall competitiveness of the client firms (Feeny et al., 2005). Organizations involved in offshoring activities usually face additional challenges related to international inter-task interdependency (Kumar et al., 2009), coordination and integration of offshoring activities (Srikanth and Puranam, 2011), and potential complexities arising from the re-configuration of activities (Larsen et al., 2012). Most of the times the tasks performed on site and those offshored are interdependent with more communication and coordination needs (Kumar et al., 2009). The increased communication and coordination needs are the result of differences in terms of geography, time, infrastructure, culture, governance, and regulations which offshoring organizations face while relocating work to distant locations. The interdependencies, unless well coordinated and integrated, are likely to adversely impact the performance of OSPs (Srikanth and Puranam, 2011). The re-configuration of activities also increases offshoring complexity consisting of “a combination of configuration and task complexity. While task complexity resides within the actual implementation, configuration complexity occurs as a result of new interdependencies between countries, activities, and people” (Larsen et al., 2012 p.6). Thus, the offshoring of value chain activities poses complex international management and organizational challenges to offshoring organizations. In light of these challenges and complexities, greater understanding of the factors which affect the performance of OSPs is informative given the fact that the fortunes of OSPs and their clients are intricately linked. This study focuses on OSP perspectives by examining how certain factors – partnership quality, talent management and global mindset of top managers – enhance performance of OSPs in the Indian IT service sector. Recent studies on OSP perspectives on partnership quality (Lahiri and Kedia, 2011 and Lahiri et al., 2012), talent management (Chadee and Raman, 2012) and top management social intelligence (Kong et al., 2012) motivate this paper to analyze the interplay between these factors to examine their impact on performance of OSPs. The Indian IT sector, in general, has experienced phenomenal growth since the late 1990s. The sector's revenue has grown from USD 5 billion in 2000 to over USD 88 billion in 2011, contributes about 6.4% to domestic GDP, directly employs approximately 2.5 million people and accounts indirectly for another 8.3 million jobs (Nasscom, 2009 and Nasscom, 2012). The Indian offshoring sector has moved up the value chain from providing mundane, low value end services to knowledge intensive relatively high value services in a relatively short period of time (Niosi and Ted Tschang, 2009). A number of OSPs in India such as Tata Consultancy Services, Wipro Technologies, Infosys Technologies and HCL Technologies have become established global players which provide a comprehensive range of IT and business process services. The Indian IT service sector accounts for more than half of the global market for IT offshoring which has been estimated at approximately US$ 150 billion a year with an average annual growth rate of 15–20% (Nasscom, 2012 and Oshri et al., 2009). Our study contributes to the literature in three ways. First, the focus on Indian OSPs is timely given the rapid growth of OSPs in India and in developing countries in general. Recent trends indicate that the majority of leading OSPs are from developing countries and a dearth of research exists on the establishment and growth of firms from developing countries in general. Thus, examining OSPs from India can provide insights into understanding the performance of firms from developing countries. Second, research on OSPs remains underdeveloped despite the strategic role of OSPs as they increasingly become integral parts of the value chain of their clients. Finally, the study provides new insights into the mechanism through which performance is impacted by examining the inter play among global mindset, talent management and partnership quality. The focus on these three constructs is important because OSPs are highly globalized business-to-business organizations where close interactions with clients from around the world are critical for their success (Dyer and Singh, 1998). As we will demonstrate, partnership quality is an important mechanism through which both global mindset and talent management influence the performance of OSPs. We argue that the influence of global mindset on the performance of OSPs is jointly mediated by talent management and partnership management. The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. The next section reviews the literature and develops the research hypotheses. This is followed by a description of the research methods and data used for hypothesis testing. The results are then presented, followed by a discussion of the main findings, conclusion and limitations of the study.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

Offshoring involves organizational re-configuration of activities wherein activities which are previously co-located are relocated to offshore destinations (Contractor et al., 2010 and Manning et al., 2008). Offshoring usually involves two main agents; namely the client on the demand side and the vendors on the supply side. In information technology (IT) sector, the clients are typically large firms from advanced industrialized countries from USA (37%), Western Europe (35%) and Japan (14%) which account for almost 87% of the IT service outsourcing market (EITO, 2006). On the supply side, the vendors or the offshore service providers (OSPs) are increasingly from emerging and developing economies such as India, China, Malaysia, Russia and the Philippines. Among these countries, India accounts for a dominant share of the global IT offshoring market (Peterson and Gott, 2011 and Raman and Chadee, 2011). Most recent research on understanding the performance and behavior of offshoring organizations have so far focused on the client, with increasing, yet still limited attention on OSPs (for literature review see Chadee and Raman, 2009). OSPs are increasingly being recognized as integral strategic partners of their clients because the success or failure of an OSP is intricately linked to the overall competitiveness of the client firms (Feeny et al., 2005). Organizations involved in offshoring activities usually face additional challenges related to international inter-task interdependency (Kumar et al., 2009), coordination and integration of offshoring activities (Srikanth and Puranam, 2011), and potential complexities arising from the re-configuration of activities (Larsen et al., 2012). Most of the times the tasks performed on site and those offshored are interdependent with more communication and coordination needs (Kumar et al., 2009). The increased communication and coordination needs are the result of differences in terms of geography, time, infrastructure, culture, governance, and regulations which offshoring organizations face while relocating work to distant locations. The interdependencies, unless well coordinated and integrated, are likely to adversely impact the performance of OSPs (Srikanth and Puranam, 2011). The re-configuration of activities also increases offshoring complexity consisting of “a combination of configuration and task complexity. While task complexity resides within the actual implementation, configuration complexity occurs as a result of new interdependencies between countries, activities, and people” (Larsen et al., 2012 p.6). Thus, the offshoring of value chain activities poses complex international management and organizational challenges to offshoring organizations. In light of these challenges and complexities, greater understanding of the factors which affect the performance of OSPs is informative given the fact that the fortunes of OSPs and their clients are intricately linked. This study focuses on OSP perspectives by examining how certain factors – partnership quality, talent management and global mindset of top managers – enhance performance of OSPs in the Indian IT service sector. Recent studies on OSP perspectives on partnership quality (Lahiri and Kedia, 2011 and Lahiri et al., 2012), talent management (Chadee and Raman, 2012) and top management social intelligence (Kong et al., 2012) motivate this paper to analyze the interplay between these factors to examine their impact on performance of OSPs. The Indian IT sector, in general, has experienced phenomenal growth since the late 1990s. The sector's revenue has grown from USD 5 billion in 2000 to over USD 88 billion in 2011, contributes about 6.4% to domestic GDP, directly employs approximately 2.5 million people and accounts indirectly for another 8.3 million jobs (Nasscom, 2009 and Nasscom, 2012). The Indian offshoring sector has moved up the value chain from providing mundane, low value end services to knowledge intensive relatively high value services in a relatively short period of time (Niosi and Ted Tschang, 2009). A number of OSPs in India such as Tata Consultancy Services, Wipro Technologies, Infosys Technologies and HCL Technologies have become established global players which provide a comprehensive range of IT and business process services. The Indian IT service sector accounts for more than half of the global market for IT offshoring which has been estimated at approximately US$ 150 billion a year with an average annual growth rate of 15–20% (Nasscom, 2012 and Oshri et al., 2009). Our study contributes to the literature in three ways. First, the focus on Indian OSPs is timely given the rapid growth of OSPs in India and in developing countries in general. Recent trends indicate that the majority of leading OSPs are from developing countries and a dearth of research exists on the establishment and growth of firms from developing countries in general. Thus, examining OSPs from India can provide insights into understanding the performance of firms from developing countries. Second, research on OSPs remains underdeveloped despite the strategic role of OSPs as they increasingly become integral parts of the value chain of their clients. Finally, the study provides new insights into the mechanism through which performance is impacted by examining the inter play among global mindset, talent management and partnership quality. The focus on these three constructs is important because OSPs are highly globalized business-to-business organizations where close interactions with clients from around the world are critical for their success (Dyer and Singh, 1998). As we will demonstrate, partnership quality is an important mechanism through which both global mindset and talent management influence the performance of OSPs. We argue that the influence of global mindset on the performance of OSPs is jointly mediated by talent management and partnership management. The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. The next section reviews the literature and develops the research hypotheses. This is followed by a description of the research methods and data used for hypothesis testing. The results are then presented, followed by a discussion of the main findings, conclusion and limitations of the study.

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