دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 36245
عنوان فارسی مقاله

سفر ذهنی در زمان در بیقراری: تفاوت در محتوا و تجربه ذهنی از قسمت های گذشته و آینده

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
36245 2014 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 8670 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Mental time travel in dysphoria: Differences in the content and subjective experience of past and future episodes
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Consciousness and Cognition, Available online 25 July 2014

کلمات کلیدی
افسردگی - سفر در زمان ذهنی - تفکر اپیزودیک - حافظه شرح حال - پدیده شناسی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله سفر ذهنی در زمان در بیقراری: تفاوت در محتوا و تجربه ذهنی از قسمت های گذشته و آینده

چکیده انگلیسی

Previous research has shown that depressed individuals demonstrate a number of biases in their ability to retrieve past events and simulate future events. The current study investigated the content and phenomenological experience of past and future events in dysphoric and non-dysphoric individuals. Results indicated that dysphoric, compared with non-dysphoric, individuals reported fewer positive events across both temporal directions. Furthermore, phenomenological characteristics ratings suggested that dysphoric individuals saw future, but not past, events as less vivid, coherent, sensorially detailed, bodily experienced, emotionally intense and important with respect to their life story and identity. These findings are discussed with reference to theories regarding the functions of ‘mental time travel’, in particular how the muted subjective experience of future episodes in depression may impair future planning, problem-solving and self regulation.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Cognitive theories of depression (e.g. Beck, 1987) place emphasis on biases in thinking, with a triad of negativity centred on the self, the world, and the future. One area of cognition within which this model has been investigated is autobiographical thinking, which includes both the individual’s concept of the self and their interpretation of events that have, or might yet, happen within their lives. Autobiographical thinking incorporates the ability to vividly mentally ‘time travel’ into both one’s personal past and future. These processes require an individual to recall and manipulate episodic information held within autobiographical memory to reconstruct past experiences or simulate potential future experiences.

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