اهمیت نسبی صفات مربوط به اختلالات روانی در پیش بینی جنسیت غیرشخصی و مردسالاری خصمانه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36325||2013||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4829 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 55, Issue 7, October 2013, Pages 817–822
This paper reports the relative contributions of several facets of subclinical psychopathy (i.e., callous affect, erratic lifestyle, interpersonal manipulation), subclinical narcissism (i.e., entitlement, exploitation), and trait aggression (i.e., anger) to the prediction of four enduring attitudes towards women and sexual assault (i.e., hostility towards women, negative attitudes regarding women, sexual dominance, impersonal sex) and a behavioral indicator of an impersonal sexual behavior (i.e., number of one-night stands). Survey data were collected from 470 single men living in the Detroit Metropolitan area. The importance of personality traits varied as a function of the outcome with anger most predictive of hostility toward women; erratic lifestyle most predictive of impersonal sexual attitudes and behavior, and entitlement most predictive of sexual dominance and negative attitudes toward women. These outcome-specific findings are interpreted and directions for future research are discussed.
The prevalence of sexual assault is alarmingly high, with 25% to 50% of women reporting some form of sexual victimization (Black et al., 2011 and Koss et al., 1987). Most sexual assaults remain unreported and occur within the context of a relationship. Malamuth’s confluence model is the most commonly used etiologic model of sexual aggression in nonincarcerated populations (Malamuth et al., 1995 and Malamuth et al., 1991). As described below, Malamuth and colleagues argued that hostile masculinity and impersonal sex are critical, proximal predictors of sexual aggression. Their original model included distal predictors of sexual aggression (e.g., exposure to violence, delinquency); however, it did not emphasize personality traits.