دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 36340
عنوان فارسی مقاله

نارضایتی از بدن در گوشتخواران محدود زنان بستگی به محرومیت غذایی دارد

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
36340 2003 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Body dissatisfaction in female restrained eaters depends on food deprivation
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Appetite, Volume 40, Issue 3, 1 June 2003, Pages 285–290

کلمات کلیدی
غذا خوردن محدود - تصویر بدن - نارضایتی از بدن - محرومیت از غذا - گرسنگی - سیری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله نارضایتی از بدن در گوشتخواران محدود زنان بستگی به محرومیت غذایی دارد

چکیده انگلیسی

This study investigated the effects of food deprivation on the body image in female restrained and unrestrained eaters. Twenty female restrained eaters and 20 female unrestrained eaters were asked to identify their current and their ideal body shape by choosing them from a sample of nine female silhouettes. This test was conducted under three deprivational conditions: hungry, thirsty and non-deprived (neither hungry nor thirsty). The discrepancy between the current and the ideal body shape—termed as body dissatisfaction—did not differ significantly between restrained and unrestrained eaters when thirsty or satiated. Under hunger, however, the restrained eaters scored a significantly larger discrepancy between their current and ideal body shape than the unrestrained eaters. The data suggest that women with restrained eating behavior feel a body dissatisfaction when being hungry.

مقدمه انگلیسی

For about 40 years a disturbance of body image is described in female eating disordered patients (Bruch, 1962). Disturbance of body image refers to a construct which includes a ‘cognitive and attitudinal’ disturbance in addition to a ‘perceptual’ disturbance (Garner & Garfinkel, 1981). The ‘perceptual’ disturbance refers to the unability to assess the own body size accurately and is often referred to as body size distortion. The ‘cognitive or attitudinal’ disturbance refers to extreme reactions in form of disparagement of the own body while the assessment of the own body size is accurate. This latter disturbance is often referred to as body dissatisfaction (Cash and Brown, 1987 and Garner and Garfinkel, 1981). It seems to be useful to separate these two forms of body image disturbances, although they may often occur conjointly in eating disordered patients (Cash and Brown, 1987, Hsu and Sobkiewicz, 1991 and Lautenbacher et al., 1997). Moreover, in eating disordered patients, the attitudinal body dissatisfaction was shown to be more pronounced than the perceptual body size estimation inaccuracy (Cash & Deagle, 1997).

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