اهمیت تصویر بدن و نارضایتی از بدن در نوجوانان بومی استرالیا
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36344||2004||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4838 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Body Image, Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2004, Pages 289–297
Despite their elevated risk of health problems and a propensity to be more overweight or underweight relative to the other members of the Australian population, there has been no previous investigation of body image concerns among Indigenous Australians. In this study we investigated the level of body image importance and body image dissatisfaction among 19 rural Indigenous adolescents (7 males, 12 females) and 28 urban Indigenous adolescents (15 males and 13 females). Our hypotheses that there would be gender differences in body image importance and body image satisfaction were not generally supported. However, males placed more importance on muscle size and strength than females, and rural participants placed more importance on weight than urban participants. Comparison to existing data obtained from Caucasian adolescents suggested that Indigenous youth may be less concerned and dissatisfied with body weight and shape. These results are discussed in relation to findings from studies of non-Indigenous adolescents, and Indigenous health issues. The limitations of the current study and the need for further studies are also discussed.
In developed countries such as Australia, a thin body ideal is strongly promoted for females (Stice, 1994). Adolescent girls and young adult women particularly are thought to experience a strong sociocultural pressure to be thin, resulting in a high degree of body weight or shape dissatisfaction (McCarthy, 1990 and Stice, 1994; Wertheim, Paxton, Schutz, & Muir, 1997). For males, the muscular mesomorph ideal is also very clear (McCabe & Ricciardelli, 2001). This muscular ideal is intimately tied to cultural views of masculinity and the male sex-role, which prescribe that men be powerful, strong and efficacious (Mishkind, Rodin, Silberstein, & Striegel-Moore, 1986). Consistent with these findings, other research (Moore, 1990; Nowak, Spear, & Crawford, 1996) has suggested that boys are concerned more with their chest, shoulders and arms, and that girls are concerned more with their hips, thighs and legs.