یک مطالعه آینده نگر از عواملی که منجر به نارضایتی از بدن در دوران بارداری می شوند
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36350||2005||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10103 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Body Image, Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2005, Pages 347–361
This study examined changes in body image and predictors of body dissatisfaction during pregnancy. It was expected that higher levels of depression, social comparison tendencies, teasing, societal pressure to be thin and public self-consciousness would predict body dissatisfaction prospectively. Healthy pregnant women (n = 128) completed questionnaires on three occasions during their pregnancies reporting on a total of four time points: 3 months prior to pregnancy (retrospectively reported), in the early to mid-second trimester, the late-second/early-third trimester, and the latter part of the third trimester. For the most part women reported adapting to the changes that occurred in their body; however, women were most likely to experience higher levels of body dissatisfaction in early to mid-second trimester. Findings related to predictors of body dissatisfaction revealed that both social and psychological factors contributed to body image changes in pregnancy. Implications of the findings are discussed.
Pregnancy is an ideal time to examine body image prospectively given that pregnant women experience rapid physical changes over a relatively short (40-week) period. The term body image refers to the internal representation an individual has of his or her own outer appearance (Thompson, Heinberg, Altabe, & Tantleff-Dunn, 1999). It is generally agreed that body image encompasses a range of behavioural, perceptual, cognitive, and affective phenomena (Pruzinsky, 1990). Body dissatisfaction is one facet of body image relating to the degree of dissatisfaction with particular aspects of the body (Thompson et al., 1999).