نارضایتی از بدن و رفتارهای تغییر بدن در شیلی: نقش عوامل فرهنگی اجتماعی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36363||2008||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7427 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Body Image, Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2008, Pages 205–215
With interest in body image and body change behaviors growing around the world, there has been surprisingly little research conducted in Latin America on these issues. In order to gain some understanding of them in this context, this study investigated body image and body change behaviors, and the sociocultural factors that may influence them, among 337 Chilean adolescents aged 12–18 years. Participants completed a questionnaire that assessed BMI, body dissatisfaction, strategies to lose weight and strategies to increase muscle bulk. In addition, perceived pressure from family, peers, and the media to change body shape was evaluated. Results were partially consistent with those reported in Western nations. Girls were found to report greater body dissatisfaction than boys, but no difference was found between males and females in perceived pressure from adults in the family or from older siblings/cousins to lose weight. However, girls experienced higher levels of perceived pressure to lose weight from the media than boys, and boys reported greater perceived pressure from peers to lose weight than girls, and more pressure than girls from all sources to increase muscle bulk. These findings are discussed in relation to research conducted in other contexts, and it is concluded that findings from other locations may not be applied universally.
In recent years, a large number of studies (e.g., Halliwell & Harvey, 2006; Muris, Meesters, van den Blom, & Mayer, 2005; Ricciardelli & McCabe, 2004; Shroff & Thompson, 2006) have demonstrated that sociocultural factors may exert an influence on the self-perceptions and attitudes of adolescents that lead to body dissatisfaction and subsequent behaviors aimed at changing their body shape and size. Research suggests that, in general, adolescent girls are more dissatisfied with their body shape and size than adolescent boys (e.g., Duncan, Al-Nakeeb, Nevill, & Jones, 2006; Parnot et al., 2006), and that many adolescent girls and young adult women engage in an unnecessary pursuit of thinness (Rukavina & Pokrajac-Bulian, 2006; Stice, 1994; Wertheim, Paxton, Schutz, & Muir, 1997). Adolescent boys and young adult men, on the other hand, pursue the muscular mesomorph ideal (Luciano, 2007; McCabe & Ricciardelli, 2001a; Muris et al., 2005; Smolak, 2004).