نارضایتی از بدن، تعامل در رفتار تغییر بدن و تاثیرات اجتماعی فرهنگی بر تصویر بدن در نوجوانان چینی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36379||2010||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8371 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Body Image, Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2010, Pages 156–164
Body dissatisfaction and body image disorders are becoming increasingly prevalent in developing non-Western countries such as China, but there is a lack of research examining the sociocultural factors that in other contexts have been associated with these problems. The current study investigated body dissatisfaction, engagement in body change behaviors, and sociocultural pressures on body image, and the relationships between these variables among 517 adolescent males (N = 219) and females (N = 298) in China. Females reported greater body dissatisfaction than males, and males reported using strategies to increase their muscle bulk more often than females. Males reported pressure from a variety of sociocultural sources to increase their muscles or weight, while females reported pressure from the media to lose weight. For males body dissatisfaction was predicted by pressure from peers to increase their muscle bulk, while for females pressure to lose weight from peers, adult relatives, and the media was likely to increase body dissatisfaction. Pressure from the media and adult relatives was also predictive of body change behaviors in both males and females. The findings are discussed in relation to previous research in both Western and non-Western contexts.
Body image disturbance and disordered eating have typically been seen as problems affecting women living in developed Western countries, and for this reason research has tended to focus on Western female populations (Kennedy, Templeton, Gandhi, & Gorzalka, 2004). Recent reports however, have shown an increase in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating in non-Western countries such as Japan (Pike & Borovoy, 2004), Malaysia (Mellor, Ricciardelli, McCabe, Yeow, Daliza, & Binti Mohd Hapidzal, 2009), China (Chan and Owens, 2005, Chen and Jackson, 2008 and Ma, 2007) and Fiji (Ricciardelli et al., 2007a and Ricciardelli et al., 2007b). In a large survey study on body image involving over 9000 Chinese children, Li, Hu, Ma, Wu, and Ma (2005) found that rates of body dissatisfaction were comparable to those reported in Western populations. Among the children classified as healthy weight only 46.5% of boys and 43.0% of girls were satisfied with their bodies, and preferences for thinner bodies increased with age (Li et al., 2005). In a recent study of 2103 young people living in China, Chen and Jackson (2008) found that 2.3% of their participants met the full DSM-IV criteria for an eating disorder or an eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). Lee and Lee (2000) believe a further 3–10% of Chinese females may suffer from disordered eating at a subclinical level. Less is known about body image disturbances and body change behaviors of Chinese males; for instance, are Chinese males influenced by the drive for muscularity that is increasingly evident among Western males or do they aspire to traditional cultural ideas of masculinity? The current study aims to investigate levels of body dissatisfaction and engagement in body change behaviors to reduce weight, gain weight and increase muscle bulk among adolescent males and females living in China.