اکتشاف مدل نفوذ سه جانبه از نارضایتی از بدن و اختلال خوردن زنان دانشجو استرالیا و فرانسه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36388||2011||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5852 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Body Image, Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2011, Pages 208–215
The aim of the study was to compare levels of body dissatisfaction, disordered eating and risk factors, and to examine the tripartite influence model of body image and eating disturbance among French and Australian young adult females. Participants were 188 Australian (mean age = 19.6 years, SD = 1.0) and 190 French (mean age = 20.7 years, SD = 2.6) students. Media, peer and family influences, internalisation of media ideals, appearance comparison, body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, bulimia and self-esteem were assessed. Australian participants reported perceiving more peer and media influence, and higher levels of appearance comparison, internalisation of media ideals and bulimic symptoms than French participants (p < .001). Path analyses revealed that the tripartite model was a good fit in both samples, with similarities and differences. Findings suggest the importance of identifying cultural specificities, and developing a global framework of body image and eating disturbance with a view to prevention.
Much attention has been paid to the impact of Western culture on disordered eating and body dissatisfaction (Lake, Staiger, & Glowinski, 2000). It has been proposed that the unrealistic and, for the most part unattainable, body ideal promoted by cultural channels results in body dissatisfaction, which in turn leads to disordered eating and negative affect (Paxton et al., 2006 and Stice, 2002). One of the most pervasive promoters of the Western thin-ideal is, without doubt, mass media (Grabe, Ward, & Hyde, 2008). However, other cultural agents such as peers and family members have been shown to play an important role as sources of influence (Keery et al., 2004 and Rodgers et al., 2009).