اکتشاف نارضایتی از بدن و برداشت دختران سیاه و سفید در مداخله برای کودکان دارای اضافه وزن ثبت نام کرده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36392||2011||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5028 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Body Image, Volume 8, Issue 4, September 2011, Pages 379–384
Silhouette measures are one approach to assessing body dissatisfaction in children, although little is known about their use among racially diverse, overweight girls seeking weight-loss treatment. This study assessed racial differences in body dissatisfaction and body size perceptions of 58 girls (ages 6–11, 66% Black, 34% White) participating in a randomized trial for pediatric overweight. Body dissatisfaction did not differ between races; 99% of girls reported an ideal figure smaller than their current one. Black girls selected a larger silhouette to represent their ideal body size, and most girls in both racial groups underestimated their actual size. Outcomes strengthen the argument that, despite an overall preference for a larger body size, obesity might mitigate cultural factors that protect Black girls from body dissatisfaction. Additional research is needed to enhance understanding of children's body size perceptions and dissatisfaction to inform assessment and treatment of pediatric obesity and associated disordered eating symptoms.
Over a third of children between the ages of 6 and 11 are overweight (Body Mass Index [BMI] for age ≥85th percentile) or obese (BMI ≥ 95th percentile; Ogden, Carroll, Curtin, Lamb, & Flegal, 2010). Pediatric overweight and obesity are not only associated with significant physical health problems (Kiess et al., 2001), but also are risk factors for body dissatisfaction and other eating disorder pathology (Fairburn et al., 1998, Fairburn et al., 1997, Shunk and Birch, 2004 and Stice and Shaw, 2002). For example, girls who are overweight at age 5 are significantly more likely to report eating pathology at age 9, including weight concern, disinhibited eating, and dietary restraint (Shunk & Birch, 2004). Further, girls as young age 5 years report body dissatisfaction (Lowes & Tiggemann, 2003), which is an identified risk factor for eating disorders (Stice & Shaw, 2002). Thus, considering the pervasiveness of obesity and body dissatisfaction among children, a large percentage of girls in the United States (U.S.) might be at risk for developing disordered eating pathology.