دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 36399
عنوان فارسی مقاله

توزین درباره عوامل خطر نارضایتی از بدن: یک مطالعه آینده نگر یک سال از دختران متوسط و نوجوان

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
36399 2012 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Weighing in on risk factors for body dissatisfaction: A one-year prospective study of middle-adolescent girls
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Body Image, Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 20–30

کلمات کلیدی
تصویر بدن - عوامل خطر - دختران نوجوان - طراحی طولی - عزت نفس - شاخص توده بدن
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله توزین درباره عوامل خطر نارضایتی از بدن: یک مطالعه آینده نگر یک سال از دختران متوسط و نوجوان

چکیده انگلیسی

Body dissatisfaction is a common problem among adolescent girls that is linked to serious outcomes, including the development of eating disorders. This study tested to what degree five theorized risk factors (weight-related teasing, thin-ideal internalization, body mass index [BMI], self-esteem, and perfectionism) predicted prospective changes in body dissatisfaction. At baseline, 393 10th and 11th grade girls (M = 15.8 years) completed questionnaires and had their height and weight measured. One year later, 316 participants’ body dissatisfaction was reassessed (80.4% retention). Results suggested that self-esteem was the most potent risk factor, followed by BMI, when used to categorize girls into high- and low-risk groups for body dissatisfaction at follow-up. However, weight-related teasing, thin-ideal internalization, and perfectionism did not prove to be risk factors. These results suggest self-esteem and BMI are relevant variables for helping to identify middle-adolescent girls who may be at risk for subsequent increases in body dissatisfaction.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Body dissatisfaction, defined as a negative self-evaluation of one's body shape and weight (Cash & Pruzinsky, 1990), is a serious problem that is common among adolescent girls (Jones, Bennett, Olmsted, Lawson, & Rodin, 2001) and is associated with a variety of risky behaviours, including early sexual activity, self-harm behaviour, and suicide planning (Cook, MacPherson, & Langille, 2007). Prospective studies have shown that body dissatisfaction predicts subsequent increases in dieting (Stice, Mazotti, Krebs, & Martin, 1998), negative affect (Stice & Bearman, 2001), and lower levels of physical activity (Neumark-Sztainer, Paxton, Hannan, Haines, & Story, 2006). Moreover, body dissatisfaction is a primary risk factor for the development of eating disorders (Stice & Shaw, 2002). Despite evidence of these serious consequences, our current appreciation of variables and mechanisms underlying the etiology and development of body dissatisfaction is limited (Stice & Whitenton, 2002). The range of ages studied and varying durations of follow-up have complicated the picture. Consequently, the purpose of the present study was to test to what degree a set of postulated risk factors predicted longitudinal changes in body dissatisfaction, over and above initial levels of body dissatisfaction among middle-adolescent girls.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.