دلبستگی، مدل نفوذ سه جانبه و توسعه نارضایتی از بدن
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36403||2012||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5844 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Body Image, Volume 9, Issue 4, September 2012, Pages 469–475
The tripartite model of influence proposes that three primary core sources of influence-parents, peers and media-contribute to the development of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. In the current study, this model was examined in a sample of 205 undergraduate women. This study added to previous research by investigating mother and father criticism separately and by examining the potential moderating effects of parental attachment in the pathway to body dissatisfaction. Results indicated partial support for the tripartite model of influence. Sociocultural influences (media) were found to be a significant predictor of body dissatisfaction, but not parental or peer criticism. Anxious attachment was found to be a significant moderator on the effects of sociocultural attitudes in body dissatisfaction. Limitations and future research implications are discussed.
Since most women in the US are exposed to social pressures and ideals around a thin body type, why are only some women vulnerable to incorporating these ideals into a self-concept that may lead to body dissatisfaction? Recent studies have documented that attachment is an important factor in development of body dissatisfaction (Bamford and Halliwell, 2009, Cash et al., 2004, Cheng and Malinkcrodt, 2009 and McKinley and Randa, 2005). Attachment is a developmental process of forming emotional bonds with others that may have a large impact on an individual's adult adjustment (Bowlby, 1969). One assumption of attachment theory is that the quality of one's early experiences with parental figures shapes how one feels about oneself and others (termed “internal working models” in the attachment literature) and how comfortable a person is with closeness and separation. Secure attachment styles are associated with higher levels of self-esteem and more positive attitudes toward others, and comfort with both closeness and separation in relationships. Insecurely attached individuals fall primarily into two subtypes. Those categorized as anxiously attached have a positive working model of others but a negative working model of the self and have anxiety around separation and abandonment while desiring closeness. Those categorized as avoidantly attached have a positive model of the self but a negative working model of others and are uncomfortable with closeness/intimacy though more comfortable with separation (Brennan, Clark, & Shaver, 1998).