انعطاف پذیری تصویر بدن به توضیح ارتباط بین نارضایتی از بدن و خشنودی از بدن در زنان وابسته به کالج سفید کمک می کند
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36421||2015||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7500 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, Available online 22 June 2015
Limited research has provided a theoretically-driven accounting of the association between negative and positive body image occurring within persons nor clarified what factors may contribute to explaining this relationship. To address this gap in the existing literature, the present study, guided by an overarching affect regulation theoretical framework, evaluated the potential indirect effect of body dissatisfaction on body appreciation via body image flexibility in a college-bound sample of 84 White older adolescent females. Participants provided self-reported height and weight, which were used to calculate body mass index (BMI) and completed the Body Image-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (BI-AAQ; Sandoz, Wilson, Merwin, & Kellum, 2013) as a measure of body image flexibility and the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS; Avalos, Tylka, & Wood-Barcalow, 2005). Body dissatisfaction was operationalized as three types of body size discrepancy scores (i.e., current minus personal ideal, current minus cultural ideal, current minus typical female ethnic peer) using Pulvers’ Figure Rating Scale (Pulvers et al., 2004). In all models tested, body image flexibility partially mediated the associations between body dissatisfaction and body appreciation. Results were retained controlling for BMI. Preliminary findings suggest that at this developmental juncture, bolstering body image flexibility affect regulation skills may be an optimal target for supporting body appreciation when body dissatisfaction is elicited by internal and external body image threats.
Affect regulation constitutes a widely accepted theoretical accounting of the functional association between negatively-valenced internal experiences and eating disturbances (e.g., Anestis, Selby, Fink, & Joiner, 2007; Heatherton & Baumeister, 1991; Polivy & Herman, 1993; Stice, Shaw, & Nemeroff, 1998). Indeed, considerable evidence has substantiated framing disordered eating as maladaptive behavioral strategies arising as attempts to control (e.g., suppress, avoid, escape) the aversive experience of stress, negative emotions and critical self-evaluations including those stemming from body dissatisfaction (e.g., Corstorphine, Mountford, Tomlinson, Waller, & Meyer, 2007; Heatherton & Baumeister, 1991; Whiteside et al., 2007). Such coping responses are sustained due to their ability to alleviate distress in the short-term at the expense of long-term impairments to health and well-being (Corstorphine et al., 2007). Recently, researchers have advanced this conceptualization towards enhancing our understanding of the relationship between aspects of negative and positive body image (Cash et al., 2005 and Webb et al., 2014). Authors viewed this contribution as timely in the extant literature as current scholarship seeks to better clarify how dimensions of negative and positive body image unfold within persons (e.g., Atkinson & Wade, 2012; Svaldi, Naumann, Trentowska, Lackner, & Tuschen-Caffier, 2013) and by extension how positive body image may attenuate risk for eating pathology as predicted by body dissatisfaction (e.g., Ferreira, Pinto-Gouveia, & Duarte, 2011).