روابط بین مقایسه اجتماعی، نظارت بر بدن و نارضایتی از بدن در محیط طبیعی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36423||2015||صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Behavior Therapy, Volume 46, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages 257–271
We examined the relationships among social comparisons (i.e., body, eating, and exercise), body surveillance, and body dissatisfaction in the natural environment. Participants were 232 college women who completed a daily diary protocol for 2 weeks, responding to online surveys 3 times per day. When the contemporaneous relationships among these variables were examined in a single model, results indicated that comparing one's body, eating, or exercise to others or engaging in body surveillance was associated with elevated body dissatisfaction in the same short-term assessment period. Additionally, individuals with high trait-like engagement in body comparisons or body surveillance experienced higher levels of body dissatisfaction. Trait-like eating and exercise comparison tendencies did not predict unique variance in body dissatisfaction. When examined prospectively in a single model, trait-like body comparison and body surveillance remained predictors of body dissatisfaction, but the only more state-like behavior predictive of body dissatisfaction at the next assessment was eating comparison. Results provide support for the notion that naturalistic body dissatisfaction is predicted by both state- and trait-like characteristics. In particular, social comparisons (i.e., body, eating, and exercise) and body surveillance may function as proximal triggers for contemporaneous body dissatisfaction, with eating comparisons emerging as an especially important predictor of body dissatisfaction over time. Regarding trait-like predictors, general tendencies to engage in body comparisons and body surveillance may be more potent distal predictors of body dissatisfaction than general eating or exercise comparison tendencies.
Body dissatisfaction refers to the negative subjective evaluation of one’s physical body, such as one’s weight and shape (Garner, 2002, Pearson et al., 2010 and Stice and Shaw, 2002), and is ubiquitous among women in Western society. Indeed, body dissatisfaction is experienced by up to 80% of college women (Neighbors and Sobal, 2007, Silberstein et al., 1988 and Vohs et al., 2001). Furthermore, body dissatisfaction is a strong risk factor for disordered eating and eating disorders (Stice, 2002). In particular, body dissatisfaction is thought to increase risk for eating pathology via two main mechanisms: dieting and negative affect (Stice & Shaw). Given the associations between body dissatisfaction and various negative consequences, it is important to understand specific factors that may impact an individual’s level of discontent with the body. We will explore two such constructs in the current study: social comparison and body surveillance.