آزمایش اثر طولانی مدت یک برنامه پیشگیری برای بهبود تعارضات زناشویی در خانواده های جامعه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36438||2011||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7490 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Volume 32, Issue 4, July–August 2011, Pages 189–197
Family-focused prevention programs for community samples have potentially broad, clinically relevant implications but few studies have examined whether any program benefits continue to be observed over the long term. Although benefits of a marital conflict focused parent education program, the Happy Couples and Happy Kids (i.e., HCHK) program, were supported in a study based on pre-test, post-test, 6-month follow-up, and 1-year follow-up assessments, the longer-term stability of treatment effects has not been established. Couples with children between 4 and 8 years of age who had previously participated in the HCHK study completed a two-year follow-up, including a parent-only group (PO, n = 12); parent–child group (PC, n = 15); and a self-study group (SS, n = 12). Greater knowledge about the effects of marital conflict on families and behavioral improvements in constructive conflict, and specifically in problem-solving behaviors, were observed at the two-year follow-up for couples who received the HCHK program. Reflecting an innovative analysis of mediating mechanisms, change-to-change analyses showed that these changes were linked with improvements in other family processes over time, including marital satisfaction, parenting and child adjustment. The findings support the relatively long-term efficacy of brief, psychoeducational programs for educating community samples about marital conflict and family processes.
The capability of marital partners to handle their disagreements is pertinent to long-term viability of marriages and the well being of all members of the family. Marital distress predicts emotional distress, depression and other psychological difficulties, and parenting efficacy (Cummings & Davies, 1994). Marital discord is also stressful to children and increases their risk for psychological maladjustment (Emery, 1982 and Grych and Fincham, 1990). Because of the implications of family functioning for the well being of parents and children, prevention programs have been developed to improve family processes. However, relatively few of these programs for families targeted couples with children who are beyond infancy, and even fewer are based on empirical information for helping couples engage in more constructive conflict for the sake of the children as well as the parents (Morgan, Nu'Man-Sheppard, & Allin, 1990).