خیانت، حسادت و همسر آزاری در میان کشاورزان "تسیمانه": آزمون فرضیه تکاملی تعارضات زناشویی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36440||2012||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7710 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Evolution and Human Behavior, Volume 33, Issue 5, September 2012, Pages 438–448
The role of men's jealousy over a wife's infidelity in precipitating marital conflict and wife abuse is well documented. The role of women's jealousy over a husband's infidelity has received little attention, which is puzzling given high potential costs to women of withdrawal of paternal investment. We address this gap by investigating marital conflict and wife abuse among Tsimane forager–farmers of Bolivia. We test predictions derived from male jealousy and paternal disinvestment hypotheses, which consider threats and consequences of infidelity by women (male jealousy hypothesis) and men (paternal disinvestment hypothesis). The paternal disinvestment hypothesis proposes that wife abuse is employed by husbands to limit wives' mate retention effort and maintain men's opportunities to pursue extrapair sexual relationships. Interviews were conducted among husbands and wives in the same marriages using a combination of open-ended and structured items. Spouses agree that the most frequently reported type of marital argument is women's jealousy over a husband's infidelity (N=266 arguments). Roughly 60% of abusive events occurred during arguments over men's diversion of household resources (N=124 abusive events). In multivariate analyses, likelihood of wife abuse is greater in marriages where husbands have affairs, where wives are younger, and where spouses spend more time apart (N=60 husbands, 71 wives). While we find strong support for both male jealousy and paternal disinvestment hypotheses, it is men's infidelity, not women's, that precipitates most instances of marital conflict and wife abuse. We conclude that men's aggression towards their wives facilitates men's diversion of family resources for their selfish interests.
What causes marital conflict, and which marital conflicts are more likely to result in men's violence against their wives? It has long been argued that men's jealousy over women's infidelity is the strongest impetus to men's lethal and nonlethal violence against female partners (reviewed in Daly & Wilson, 1988; also see Goetz, 2008 and references therein). Less is known about the extent to which women's jealousy over men's infidelity precipitates men's violence against female partners. Husbands are more likely than wives to commit infidelity (Atkins, Jacobson, & Baucom, 2001), and men and women report a similar frequency and intensity of jealous emotions during recalls of potential infidelity (Shackelford, LeBlanc, & Drass, 2000). If men are likely to use time and resources for pursuit of extramarital sexual relationships, wives' jealousy may play a critical role in mate retention, but at potential cost of instigating marital arguments and violence against wives. Given men's greater size and strength, violence against wives may be used as a “bargaining” tool to strategically leverage a selfish outcome, despite potential costs to the victim, aggressor, and offspring.