ارتباط بین علائم وسواس، انتقام و ادراک تجاوزات فردی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36514||2014||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4968 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Psychiatry Research, Volume 219, Issue 2, 30 October 2014, Pages 316–321
Anger and aggression have only recently gained center stage in research on obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). An investigation of obsessive–compulsive (OC) symptoms focusing on the outcome of unresolved anger (i.e., revenge), however, is absent from the literature. The objective of the present research was therefore to provide a first step towards filling this gap and, hence, to systematically examine the associations between OC symptoms and different aspects of revenge (i.e., attitudes, dispositions, motivations). In three independent studies with nonclinical participants (N=504), we tested the hypothesis that OC symptoms relate to greater revenge. Individuals high in OC symptoms reported more positive attitudes toward revenge (Study 1), scored higher on a measure of trait revenge (Study 2), and reported increased revenge motivation regarding a real-life transgressor (Study 3). Furthermore, Study 4 (N=175) demonstrated that individuals high in OC symptoms perceived interpersonal transgressions more frequently in their daily lives. OC symptoms were positively related to the number of transgressions that respondents disclosed. Our results suggest that revenge and interpersonal hurt play a significant role in OCD.
In recent years, researchers have begun to explore how individuals with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) deal with anger. Whiteside and Abramowitz (2004), for example, demonstrated that nonclinical individuals high in obsessive–compulsive (OC) symptoms experienced more anger, which however was inwardly suppressed (i.e., not openly displayed). Furthermore, relative to individuals low in OC symptoms, difficulties in controlling anger were present. Relatedly, two studies have evidenced that anger experience (but not anger expression) tends to be elevated in OCD (Moscovitch et al., 2008 and Radomsky et al., 2007). These results cohere with recent findings that individuals with OCD score higher on measures of latent (covert) aggression (Moritz et al., 2011), as tapped with items such as “When a little misfortune has happened to friends/relatives, I feel a bit pleasure” (Moritz et al., 2009, p. 285).