اشتیاق و تحقق عملکرد در ورزش
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36650||2008||20 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9857 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Volume 9, Issue 3, May 2008, Pages 373–392
To test a performance-attainment model derived from the Dualistic Model of Passion [Vallerand et al. (2003). Les passions de l’âme: On obsessive and harmonious passion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 756–767] that posits that both harmonious and obsessive passions are positive predictors of deliberate practice that, in turn, is a positive predictor of performance.
Michael Jordan, the great basketball player of the National Basketball Association (NBA) Washington Wizards (and the Chicago Bulls prior to that), retired for good at the end of the 2002–2003 season. Jordan left the NBA after an outstanding 15 season career in which, among other achievements, he won the NBA Most Valuable Player (MVP) award 5 times, the NBA Finals MVP award 6 times, and was the only player to be named the NBA MVP and the defensive player of the year in the same season. In the face of such achievements, most people assume that Jordan's exploits were almost exclusively the result of remarkable natural talent. However, scientists conducting expert performance research (e.g., Ericsson & Charness, 1994; Starkes & Ericsson, 2003) suggest that individuals such as Jordan have achieved high levels of performance because they have engaged for many years in highly structured practice aimed at improvement and skill refinement. Indeed, it is often forgotten that Jordan failed to make his varsity high school basketball team the first time he tried and that he credits his regimen of intense, focused, goal-oriented practice for the success he attained in his subsequent basketball career (Jordan, 2005). However, what psychological factors enabled Jordan to maintain a sustained level of intense practice over the years? Ericsson and Charness (1994) have noted that the nature of the motivational forces that lead individuals to engage in such sustained deliberate practice is currently unclear. In line with the above quote from Hegel, we propose that the concept of passion represents an important source of motivational energy underlying such persistent involvement that may be conducive to performance attainment. Indeed, being passionate for one's sport leads individuals to dedicate themselves fully to their sport, thereby allowing them to persist, even in the face of obstacles, and to eventually reach excellence. The purpose of the present research was to test the Dualistic Model of Passion (Vallerand et al., 2003) as applied to performance attainment in sport in two studies.