ترک تحصیل از گروههای خودیاری 12 مرحله ای : شیوع، پیش بینی، و مقابله با نفوذ درمان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36689||2003||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6826 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Volume 24, Issue 3, April 2003, Pages 241–250
Attendance at 12-step self-help groups is frequently recommended as an adjunct to professional substance use disorder (SUD) treatment, yet patient dropout from these groups is common. This study assessed the prevalence, predictors, and treatment-related factors affecting dropout in the first year following treatment for 2,778 male patients. Of these, 91% (2,518) were identified as having attended 12-step groups either in the 90 days prior to, or during, treatment. At 1-year followup 40% had dropped out. A number of baseline factors predicted dropout. Importantly, patients who initiated 12-step behaviors during treatment were less likely to drop out. Further findings suggest patients at highest risk for dropout may be at lower risk if treated in a more supportive environment. Clinicians may decrease the likelihood of dropout directly, by screening for risk factors and focusing facilitation efforts accordingly, and indirectly, by increasing the supportiveness of the treatment environment, and facilitating 12-step involvement during treatment.
Substantial evidence indicates that individuals suffering from substance use disorders (SUD) who become involved in recovery-focused, self-help groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)/Narcotics Anonymous/Cocaine Anonymous, experience better outcomes in many domains of functioning (e.g. Emrick et al., 1993, Ouimette et al., 1998, Project MATCH Research Group, 1997, Project MATCH Research Group, 1998 and Tonigan et al., 1996). Thus, staff in most private and public treatment sectors recommend that patients attend self-help groups (Humphreys, 1997 and Roman & Blum, 1998) and both the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 1996) and the Veterans Health Administration (VHA, 2001; http://www.oqp.med.va.gov/cpg/SUD) recommend self-help group involvement as an important adjunct to treatment. Table 1