دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 36763
عنوان فارسی مقاله

نقش تماشاگران در ادراک دانش آموزان از زورگویی و احساس امنیت

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
36763 2008 22 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The role of bystanders in students' perception of bullying and sense of safety
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of School Psychology, Volume 46, Issue 6, December 2008, Pages 617–638

کلمات کلیدی
زورگویی - قربانی سرزنش - نقش شرکت کنندگان - احساس امنیت - بوم شناسی همسالان
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله نقش تماشاگران در ادراک دانش آموزان از زورگویی و احساس امنیت

چکیده انگلیسی

Abstract Two studies employing a mixed experimental design were conducted to determine if perceptions of bullying, attitudes towards victims, and students' sense of safety at school were influenced by bystanders' reactions to different types of bullying. In Study 1, 217 middle-school children were randomly assigned to read a hypothetical scenario describing a direct bullying episode. In Study 2, 376 primary-school children and 390 middle-school children were presented with scenarios describing a direct bullying episode and an indirect bullying episode. In all scenarios, the bystanders' reactions to the bullying and the gender of the victim were manipulated. Participants endorsed the prosocial behavior in favor of the victims and did not endorse pro-bullying behavior. Furthermore, they perceived passive reactions to the bullying as negative behavior. Participants showed positive attitudes towards victims, which were significantly higher at younger grade levels and among girls. Bystanders' behavior influenced both participants' perceptions of the victims and their perceived sense of safety at school. Implications for anti-bullying programs based upon the group ecology are discussed.

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