روابط بین رفتار زورگویی و تاریکی سه تایی: مطالعه بزرگسالان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36772||2012||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4085 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 52, Issue 5, April 2012, Pages 571–575
Abstract The current study is the first to directly investigate relationships between the Dark Triad personality traits and bullying behaviours. We also sought to design a reliable measure of bullying for use with an adult sample. The sample consisted of 657 participants (203 males; 454 females), aged 18 to 70 (M = 23.1, SD = 8.65). Participants completed the Short-D3, a measure of the Dark Triad personality traits, as well as a Bullying Questionnaire which was constructed for this study. Correlational analyses demonstrated that psychopathy was most strongly related to bullying, followed by Machiavellianism, and narcissism. However, our predictions for the differential correlations between the Dark Triad facets and bullying type were generally not supported. Implications are discussed.
1. Introduction Bullying is a universal problem for elementary and high school students, with prevalence rates demonstrating that almost 30% of teens are involved in bullying as either a bully, a victim, or both (Nansel et al., 2001). Males typically report experiencing more physical forms of bullying, and females are generally victims of indirect bullying (Undheim & Sund, 2010). Long-term effects of bullying for both bullies and victims include an increased risk for depression and loneliness (O’Moore, 2000), lowered self-esteem for girls, higher involvement in delinquent behaviour (Carbone-Lopez, Esbensen, & Brick, 2010) and a decrease in academic performance (Schwartz, Gorman, Nakamoto, & Toblin, 2005). However, much remains uncovered regarding the characteristics of bullies, victims, and bystanders which might permit the development of appropriate intervention strategies for these individuals.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
13. Results Table 1 shows intercorrelations among and between each of the Short-D3 and Bullying Questionnaire variables. Moderate to high correlations were found among Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy, higher than those previously reported by Paulhus and Jones (2011). The three Dark Triad variables also had low to moderate correlations with all subscales of the Bullying Questionnaire, with psychopathy displaying the largest correlations and narcissism the lowest. Notably, Machiavellianism was most highly correlated with Verbal Direct Bullying (r = .35), narcissism with Indirect Bullying (r = .21), and psychopathy with Direct Bullying (r = .53). All correlations were significant at p < .01. Not surprisingly, given its higher reliability, correlations between the total bullying score and the Dark Triad tended to be the highest. In lieu of computing a canonical correlation between the bullying and Dark Triad variables, given this procedure’s sensitivity to capitalisation on chance and yielding inflated correlations, we computed a total Dark Triad score as the simple sum of scores on Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy and correlated this with the total bullying score. This correlation is .58 and represents the maximum possible zero-order correlation that might be found between the two sets of variables in our sample.