رابطه معکوس بین تعداد سایت های الزام آور ناقل 5-HT و تاریخچه پرخاشگری و اختلال انفجاری متناوب
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36886||2010||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5885 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 44, Issue 3, February 2010, Pages 137–142
The objective of this study was to determine if platelet 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) sites vary as a function of aggression, and/or impulsiveness, and differ as a function of Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED). Accordingly, the number of platelet 5-HTT sites was assessed in 100 personality disordered (PD) individuals with varying degrees of aggressiveness. The number of platelet 5-HTT sites was assessed by examining the Bmax of H3-Paroxetine Binding to the blood platelet. Life history of aggression was assessed by Life History of Aggression. Impulsivity was assessed by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Diagnoses of IED were made by both DSM-IV and Research Criteria. Examination of the data revealed that Bmax, but not Kd, values of Platelet H3-Paroxetine Binding correlated inversely with the LHA Aggression score (r = −.42 n = 87, p < .001) but not with the BIS-11 Impulsivity score (r = .03, n = 77, p = .777). PD subjects meeting Research Criteria for IED demonstrated a significant reduction in Bmax values for Platelet H3-Paroxetine Binding. These results were similar after accounting for the effect of lifetime history of depressive mood disorder on Bmax values for Platelet H3-Paroxetine Binding. These data indicate a significant inverse relationship between platelet 5-HTT and aggression, though not impulsivity, as a dimensional variable in personality disordered individuals. Results from the examination of IED as a categorical aggression variable suggest that Research, rather than DSM-IV, criteria better identify individuals with reduced numbers of platelet 5-HTT sites.
More than two decades of research has supported the hypothesis that reductions in brain serotonin (5-HT) function is associated with aggressive behavior, particularly impulsive aggression (Coccaro and Siever, 2002). While most studies of various central measures of 5-HT support this hypothesis, studies using peripheral 5-HT receptor measures have been less consistent in their findings, specifically, in studies examining 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) binding sites on the platelet. Although the platelet constitutes a peripheral site, and does not share the same microenvironment as central 5-HT neurons (Murphy et al., 1990), platelet 5-HTT sites are structurally identical to corresponding sites on central 5-HT neurons (Lesch et al., 1993 and Ramamoorthy et al., 1993) and are, thus, under the same genetic influence as those on 5-HT terminals in the brain. Note, also, that the 5-HTT promoter genotypes (e.g., ss genotype) associated with less production of transporter protein synthesized by 5-HT neurons, are also associated with less transporter protein on platelets in human subjects (Little et al., 2006).