پرخاشگری خصلتی، خشونت رسانه ها، و ادراکات اختلافات میان فردی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36913||2001||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6342 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 31, Issue 6, 15 October 2001, Pages 821–835
This study explores the short-term impact of exposure to violent mass media content while accounting for personality (i.e. trait-aggression) and situational factors (e.g. responsibility for actions). Following exposure to either a violent or nonviolent movie, participants reported their perceptions of violent interpersonal incidents described in four written scenarios. The findings revealed that respondents’ aggressive dispositions and sex mediated the impact of media violence on subsequent perceptions of violent, interpersonal conflicts. Specifically, high trait-aggressive individuals generally displayed more callous and hostile tendencies in their perceptions of interpersonal conflicts than low trait-aggressive individuals. Moreover, high trait-aggressive males were found to be most extreme in reporting aggressive thoughts and actions. Surprisingly, the data did not support the hypothesis that exposure to a violent movie would have a negative impact on viewers. Berkowitz’s cognitive-neoassociationistic theory [Berkowitz, L. (1984). Some effects of thoughts on anti-social and prosocial influences on media effects: a cognitive-neoassociation analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 410–427; Berkowitz, L. (1990). On the formation and regulation of anger and aggression: a cognitive-neoassociation analysis. American Psychologist, 45, 494–503; Jo, E. & Berkowitz, L. (1994). A priming effect analysis of media influences: an update. In J. Bryant & D. Zillman, Media effects: advances in theory and research (pp. 43–60). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum] is employed to account for this discrepancy. Suggestions for future research are provided.
The phenomenon of media violence is one of the most extensively studied issues in the social sciences, spanning more than 1000 publications in recent years (cf. Geen, 1994, Hogben, 1998 and Zillman and Weaver, 1999). Despite this large body of research, certain aspects of the phenomenon are still in need of further inquiry. One such area concerns the neglect of individual difference variables in media violence research (cf. Zillmann & Weaver, 1997). The purpose of this study is to extend the literature by examining the impact of individuals’ trait-aggressiveness on the effects of exposure to media violence.