تیپ شخصیتی D واسطه ارتباط بین فرزند پروری و سلامت درک شده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|37061||2010||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5427 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Psychosomatics, Volume 51, Issue 3, May–June 2010, Pages 216–224
Background Type D personality (a joint tendency to experience negative emotions and inhibit self-expression) has been associated with adverse outcomes across cardiovascular diseases, but little is known about its association with remembered parenting. Objective The authors sought to investigate the association between Type D personality, remembered parenting, and perceived health outcomes. Method Adults from the general Dutch population (N = 662) completed the Remembered Relationship with Parents (RRP) scale, the DS14 (which assesses Type D personality), the Short-Form Health Survey, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results Type D personality was associated with adverse remembered parenting, and both were related to poor perceived health. Importantly, Type D mediated the relationship between adverse remembered parenting and adverse perceived health outcomes. Discussion When developing interventions for Type D personality, it may be important to take adverse childhood experiences into account.
The “distressed” (Type D) personality is an emerging risk factor across cardiovascular disease, including ischemic heart disease, heart failure, peripheral arterial disease, and cardiac arrhythmias.1., 2. and 3. Type D personality is a stable personality constellation, referring to the tendency to experience increased negative emotions (high negative affectivity), paired with the tendency to inhibit self-expression in social interactions (high social inhibition).1 Type D personality has been associated with an increased risk of emotional distress,4., 5. and 6. impaired health-related quality of life,4,7,8 and cardiac events/mortality.9,10 Suggested pathways for the relationship between personality and adverse health outcomes are immune activation,11 dysfunctional stress reactivity,12 disturbances in cortisol regulation,13 and inadequate self-management behaviors.14,15 Knowledge of the mechanisms involved in personality development is important, especially in the case of Type D personality, since this trait is associated with an increased risk of adverse health outcomes.