ادراک خطر به عنوان میانجی در برداشت از اختلال محله و ایمنی در باره بزه دیدگی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|37180||2014||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||11606 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Environmental Psychology, Volume 40, December 2014, Pages 64–75
This paper tested a new conceptual model suggesting that risk perception is a significant mediator between perceived neighbourhood disorder and a sense of (un)safety. Three components of risk perception were evaluated: perceived vulnerability, controllability and probability of occurrence of specific offences. Using photo-simulation, three places with different levels of physical and social disorder were created and 120 British students rated the level of disorder, risk and safety of each place. Results showed that risk perception partially mediated the relationship between perceived disorder and safety. Perceived vulnerability was the strongest predictor and mediator in all three places but most significantly in the degraded place. Findings indicated that the more disordered a place is perceived the more a person relies on the perception of risk to estimate how safe she or he might be. Investigating the interpretive processes that occur when people estimate risk and safety, is crucial.
Vandalised neighbourhoods, covered with graffiti and litter, have been said to increase antisocial behaviour, lack social control and are precipitant to crime. This in turn, evokes anxiety, fear and unsafe feelings amongst residents and outsiders, even when actual crime is low (Brown et al., 2004, Brunton-Smith and Sturgis, 2011, Skogan, 1990, Taylor, 1987 and Wilson and Kelling, 1982). This proposition has been criticised for its conceptual and methodological vagueness, physical determinism, and omission of a psychosocial dimension estimating neighbourhood disorder and safety (Chadee et al., 2007, Farrall et al., 2007, Hale, 1996 and Wilcox-Rountree and Land, 1996).