بررسی اختلال محله: اعتبار مقیاس مشاهده ای سه عاملی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|37183||2015||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8900 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, Volume 7, Issue 2, July 2015, Pages 81–89
This study presents data on the development and preliminary validation of an observational scale assessing neighborhood disorder. Independent observations by trained raters of neighborhood disorder were conducted in 552 census block groups in the city of Valencia (Spain). Intraclass correlation coefficients assessing inter-rater reliability indicated fair to substantial levels of agreement among raters. Confirmatory factor analyses supported a final three-factor model scale measuring physical disorder, social disorder, and physical decay. Results for the internal consistency showed large composite reliability indices indicating good reliability for all neighborhood disorder factors. Evidence of criterion-related validity was found by exploring associations between neighborhood disorder factors and three neighborhood characteristics: neighborhood socioeconomic status, immigrant concentration, and residential instability. Also for criterion-related validity, Moran's I test results for spatial correlation showed that the three types of neighborhood disorder tend to cluster in space and are not randomly distributed across the city. In general, this paper provides evidence of a reliable and valid observational measure to assess neighborhood disorder.
Análisis factorial confirmatorio; Desorden del vecindario; Deterioro físico; Desorden físico; Distribución especial; Desorden social; Desorganización social; Escala observacional In recent decades, a large body of literature has examined the influence of neighborhood characteristics on a wide range of outcomes, including health, violence, or crime (Diez-Roux and Mair, 2010, Kawachi and Berkman, 2003, O’Campo et al., 2015, Sampson, 2012 and Sampson et al., 1997). Among these neighborhood characteristics, the concept of neighborhood disorder has played a central role and has received the attention of scholars from different disciplines like sociology, criminology, social psychology or epidemiology. Neighborhood disorder can be defined as “observed or perceived physical and social features of neighborhoods that may signal the breakdown of order and social control, and that can undermine the quality of life” (Gracia, 2014, p. 4325). Examples of neighborhood disorder may include behaviors such as prostitution, drug dealing, and fighting in the streets, or physical characteristics such as abandoned cars, vandalized buildings, or litter in the streets (Sampson and Raudenbush, 1999, Skogan, 1990, Taylor, 2001 and Wilson and Kelling, 1982).