اثرات همسالان با سابقه مهاجر در مدارس ایتالیایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|37206||2013||21 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||15936 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Social Science Research, Volume 42, Issue 4, July 2013, Pages 1122–1142
This article provides an empirical assessment of the effect of the concentration of students of immigrant origin on student learning, in Italian primary and lower secondary schools. I draw on the data of a national standardized learning assessment administered in 2010 to the entire student population at selected grades. The main threat to identification is given by the endogeneity of school characteristics, due to the fact that families choose their children’s schools. To circumvent this problem I exploit the within-school random variability observed in the share of immigrant students across classes. I estimate peer effects allowing for heterogeneous effects between native and immigrant background children, and among natives, between children of different socio-economic background. The main finding is that the proportion of children of immigrant origin has a weak negative effect on child learning outcomes. This negative effect is somewhat larger for children of immigrant and low socioeconomic background, while it is negligible or even positive for high social origin native children.
The rapid growth of immigrant flows which has occurred over the last decade in Italy, much like in other European countries, has sparked a growing concern within large sectors of the public opinion over the assimilability of newcomers and the demographic and cultural transformations of the Italian society. A key element of the integration process is the educational system, which is now confronted with the challenge of the inclusion of numerous immigrant children of diverse origins. Overall, at the national level, the share of students from an immigrant background in primary and lower secondary school has increased from 3% to 9% in ten years (with peaks of 20% in some Northern cities). This growth has contributed to raise the fear that immigrant students are detrimental to the learning opportunities of native children. However, whether this is true or not, is still an open empirical question.