نفوذ اجتماعی اعتماد به نفس در گروه تصمیم گیری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|37226||1997||22 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9150 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 33, Issue 4, July 1997, Pages 345–366
This study investigates the relation between an individual's self-reported confidence and his or her influence within a freely interacting group. Each participant chose responses and provided confidence assessments for choice items of a variety of task types, first as an individual and a second time as a member of a pentad, a member of a dyad, or an individual. The influence of a particular faction within a group was greater if its members were more confident. A participant's response accuracy was related to both greater confidence and greater influence to the extent that the task fell on the intellective end of the intellective–judgmental continuum of task types. As a result, the extent to which group members' confidence predicted their influence was also greatest on intellective rather than judgmental tasks. Results further illustrate that adding group members to work on a problem may increase overconfidence on judgmental tasks but decrease overconfidence on intellective tasks.