دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 37386
عنوان فارسی مقاله

مقیاس ترس از فضاهای بسته: یک روانسنجی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
37386 2007 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The claustrophobia scale: a psychometric evaluation
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Behaviour Research and Therapy, Volume 45, Issue 5, May 2007, Pages 1053–1064

کلمات کلیدی
- ترس - فضاهای بسته - روانسنجی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله مقیاس ترس از فضاهای بسته: یک روانسنجی

چکیده انگلیسی

This article presents a psychometric evaluation of the Claustrophobia Scale (CS), consisting of one subscale for measuring anxiety (20 items, 0–4) and one for avoidance (18 items, 0–2). Participants were 87 claustrophobic patients and 200 normal controls randomly selected from the community. The results show that CS has excellent internal consistency, high test–retest reliability, concurrent and discriminant validity. The patients and controls differ significantly on the total scores of anxiety and avoidance, as well as on each individual item scores. The CS was also found to be sensitive to change after cognitive behavioral treatment. Preliminary factor analyses yielded two factors for each subscale; “Being in small enclosed spaces” and “Other people present”, accounting for large proportions of the variance. The CS is useful both as a state, and as an outcome self-report measure of claustrophobia.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Claustrophobia is classified in DSM-IV (APA, 1994) as a specific phobia under the subcategory of situational phobias, and it is one of the most prevalent specific phobias in the general population. Costello (1982) reported a prevalence of 4% in a female Canadian sample, whereas Kirkpatrick (1984) in a mixed US sample found a much higher figure of 13.4%. Chapman (1997) reviewed the ECA-study and found the following proportrions fulfilling DSM-III criteria for enclosed spaces: 2.4%, for tunnels: 2.1%, and for crowds: 2.6% (probably with significant overlap between situations). Finally, the National Co-morbidity Study (Curtis, Magee, Eaton, Wittchen, & Kessler, 1998) reported a lifetime prevalence of 4.2%, placing claustrophobia in third place after animal phobia (5.7%) and acrophobia (5.3%). Thus, except for the Kirkpatrick (1984) study the different studies seem to agree that the lifetime prevalence is claustrophobia is about 4%.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.