جوانان در محل کار: اشتغال جوانان و آزار و اذیت جنسی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|37496||2009||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6950 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Child Abuse & Neglect, Volume 33, Issue 8, August 2009, Pages 550–559
Abstract Objective An examination of the frequency and impact of workplace sexual harassment on work, health, and school outcomes on high school girls is presented in two parts. The first compares the frequency of harassment in this sample (52%) to published research on adult women that used the same measure of sexual harassment. The second part compares outcomes for girls who experienced harassment versus those who did not. Methods Students in a small, suburban high school for girls completed a paper and pencil survey during class. A modified version of the Sexual Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ: Fitzgerald et al., 1988) was used to identify sexually harassed working teenagers. Work attitudes, assessments of physical health and mental health, and school-related outcomes were measured using standardized scales. Data were analyzed using difference of proportions tests, t-tests, and regression. Results The percentage of harassed girls was significantly higher than the figures reported in most studies of working women. Girls who were sexually harassed were less satisfied with their jobs and supervisors, had higher levels of academic withdrawal, and were more apt to miss school than their non-harassed peers. Conclusions Sexual harassment significantly impacts employed high school girls’ connections to work and school. It not only taints their attitudes toward work but it also threatens to undermine their commitment to school. Educators, practitioners and community leaders should be aware of the negative impact this work experience may have on adolescents and explore these issues carefully with students who are employed outside of school. Practice implications Teenage students, stressed by sexual harassment experienced at work may find their career development or career potential impeded or threatened due to school absence and poor academic performance. In addition, the physical safety of working students may be at risk, creating a need for teenagers to receive training to deal with sexual assault and other types of workplace violence. Educators, practitioners, and community leaders should be aware of the negative impact this work experience may have on adolescents and their overall school experience and explore the issue of sexual harassment carefully with students who are employed outside of school.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Conclusion Teenagers’ work experiences and the possibility of sexual harassment on the job should be an important issue acknowledged by educators, practitioners, parents, and community business leaders who employ adolescents. Although student psychological well-being was not shown to be adversely affected in this preliminary study, other areas for concern have been raised (i.e., effects on school performance, academic outcomes, stress from work, and physical safety). In addition, concerns for girls’ physical safety at work may require more scrutiny since comparisons with studies of adult women show that girls experienced higher rates of sexual harassment than the adult women. Since the majority of US teenagers now work while attending high school, it would appear critical that both male and female teenagers receive training to deal with sexual assault, sexual harassment, and other types of workplace violence and that school performance of working adolescents be closely monitored.