اثر داروهای ضد جنون در رضایت کلی از زندگی در میان افراد مبتلا به اسکیزوفرنی مزمن: یافته های حاصل از مطالعه NIMH CATIE
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|37644||2014||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5796 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : European Neuropsychopharmacology, Volume 24, Issue 7, July 2014, Pages 1078–1085
The field of schizophrenia is redefining optimal outcome, moving beyond clinical remission to a more comprehensive model including functional recovery and improved subjective well-being. Although numerous studies have evaluated subjective outcomes within the domain of subjective quality of life in patients with schizophrenia, less is known about global evaluations of subjective well-being. This study examined the effects of antipsychotic medication on overall life satisfaction in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Data were drawn from the Clinical Antipsychotic Trial of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) study, where participants with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia were randomized to receive olanzapine, perphenazine, quetiapine, risperidone or ziprasidone under double-blind conditions (N=753). The primary outcome measure was prospective change in subjectively evaluated overall life satisfaction scores following 12 months of antipsychotic treatment. Psychopathology, medication side effects and functional status were also evaluated, among other variables. Patients experienced modest improvements in overall life satisfaction (d=0.22, p<0.001), with no differences between antipsychotic medications (all tests, p>0.05). Change in severity of positive, negative, and depressive symptoms as well as functional status each demonstrated a small, albeit statistically significant, association with change in life satisfaction (r=0.10–0.21, p׳s<0.01). In a multivariate regression model, change in clinical symptoms and functional status had limited independent predictive value for change in life satisfaction scores (explained variance <3%). These data suggest that despite antipsychotic medications being effective for symptom-based psychopathology, such clinical effectiveness does not necessarily translate to improved general satisfaction with life. Clinicians should be aware that these two domains are not inextricably linked.
The field of schizophrenia is redefining optimal outcome, moving beyond clinical remission to a more comprehensive model including functional recovery and improved subjective well-being (Remington et al., 2010). Antipsychotic medications have established themselves as the cornerstone of treatment for individuals with schizophrenia (Buchanan et al., 2010 and Lehman et al., 2004), showing effectiveness for clinical symptoms (Leucht et al., 2013 and Lieberman et al., 2005) and modest utility for improving psychosocial functioning (Swartz et al., 2007). Relative to clinical symptoms, subjective outcomes following antipsychotic treatment have been less thoroughly investigated. Although patient satisfaction has been evaluated in the context of treatment for specific life domains (e.g., health-related) (Alonso et al., 2009), surprisingly the effects on overall satisfaction with life (SWL) remain unknown. It is worth mentioning that the concept of SWL differs from that of subjective quality of life or satisfaction with aspects of treatment as assessed by scales such as the Drug Attitude Inventory (Hogan et al., 1983) or the Subjective Well-being Under Neuroleptic Treatment Scale (Naber, 1995). These latter concepts assess subjective reactions specifically ascribed to objective conditions (e.g., satisfaction with living conditions, subjective experience of treatment, etc.). In contrast, the concept of SWL involves a global subjective assessment of all aspects of an individual׳s life and is, by definition, agnostic to objective conditions, although such conditions may potentially influence overall SWL (Diener, 1984, Gill and Feinstein, 1994 and Lehman, 1983). Previous work has demonstrated that symptoms, medication-related side effects, and impairments in functioning adversely influence SWL scores in patients with schizophrenia (Fervaha et al., 2013); albeit, the strength of these associations is modest. While some previous studies have examined the effect of antipsychotic medication on subjective quality of life more broadly defined in patients with schizophrenia (Kahn et al., 2008), treatment-related effects on general SWL are unknown. Furthermore, the impact of specific antipsychotic medications, as well as relative efficacy between medications, on longitudinal change in SWL in patients with chronic schizophrenia remains unknown. In the present study we examine whether treatment with antipsychotic medication affects patients׳ general life satisfaction using data from a prospective multi-center randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial. Specifically, we address the extent to which SWL improves over the course of one year following antipsychotic treatment. Next, we explore whether atypical antipsychotics are superior to a conventional antipsychotic in this regard, and lastly, we examine clinical predictors of change in SWL.