اثرات خدمات مبارزه با فقر بر اساس رویکرد پاسخ دیفرانسیل رفاه فرزند
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|37732||2012||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7202 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01907409, Volume 34, Issue 9, September 2012, Pages 1659–1666
The long-term effects of providing material or anti-poverty services to families with reports of child maltreatment were examined in a field experiment in a Midwestern state in which differential response (DR) had been implemented. From a pool of families determined to be appropriate for DR family assessments, 2605 randomly assigned experimental families that received family assessments were compared to 1265 randomly assigned control families that received traditional investigations. Families were tracked for 8 to 9 years. Fuller data were available for sub-samples of 434 experimental families and 208 control families. Main covariates included service case openings, anti-poverty service reception and study group membership. Other variables introduced were previous reports, socioeconomic status (SES), and level of family engagement. Outcome measures included subsequent reports and removals/placements of children. Formal service case openings increased for experimental families. Significant increases were found in anti-poverty services to low SES experimental families. Proportional hazards analyses indicated that these changes were associated with reductions of later reports and placements of children. In addition, by controlling for service differences, the analysis demonstrated significant effects of the non-adversarial, family-friendly approach of DR family-assessments. Possible explanations of long-term effects of service interventions are offered along with suggestions for future research.
In this paper we will examine the long-term effects of providing material or anti-poverty services to families reported for child maltreatment to a Child Protection Services (CPS) system in which differential response (DR) was implemented. Under DR, reports accepted as appropriate for CPS receive a second screening. Those that are very severe or appear to involve criminal behavior are directed to a traditional forensic investigation. For the remaining reports, families are approached in other ways that do not involve a formal investigation of allegations. The most common of these is the family assessment.