دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 37736
عنوان فارسی مقاله

فقر، ضعف اجتماعی و تعیین شکاف سیاه/سفید

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
37736 2013 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Poverty, social disadvantage, and the black/white placement gap
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Children and Youth Services Review, Volume 35, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 65–74

کلمات کلیدی
مراقبت از فاستر - اختلاف قرار دادن - فقر - نقطه ضعف اجتماعی - مدل های زیست محیطی اجتماعی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله فقر، ضعف اجتماعی و تعیین شکاف سیاه/سفید

چکیده انگلیسی

In this paper, we examine whether county-level measures of poverty and social disadvantage are correlated with county-level variation in the black/white foster care placement gap. The black/white placement gap refers to the fact that when the rate of placement into foster care for black children is compared to the rate for white children living in the same area, the black placement rate is almost always higher than the rate for whites. Although differential exposure to poverty is often used to explain why the placement gap is so large, the problem has rarely been studied. Using Poisson event count models, we find that poverty, measured at the county ecological level, is associated with a narrower gap rather than a wider gap. The counterintuitive finding is due to the fact that the relationship between poverty and placement rates depends on race.

مقدمه انگلیسی

In this paper, we examine whether county-level measures of poverty and social disadvantage are correlated with county-level variation in the black/white foster care placement gap. The black/white placement gap refers to the fact that when the rate of placement into foster care for black children is compared to the rate for white children living in the same area, the black placement rate is almost always higher than the rate for whites. Evidence suggests that the gap is quite large, with black children entering placement at an average rate that is 2.7 times greater than the average rate for whites (Wulczyn & Lery, 2007). More often than not, the gap is attributed to the differing needs of black children and families, differing treatment of black children within the child welfare system, policy differences, or some combination of the three explanations (Fluke et al., 2010 and Smedley et al., 2003). That said, there have been surprisingly few systematic attempts to describe the black/white placement gap and its correlates.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.